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Parliamentary questions
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28 April 2020
Question for written answer E-002561/2020
to the Commission
Rule 138
Manolis Kefalogiannis
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Preventing the spread of the bacterium Xytella fastidiosa

A recent international scientific study on the impact of the destructive bacterium Xylella fastidiosa paints an ominous picture of the future of olive trees in Greece, Italy and Spain, which together produce 95% of Europe's olive oil.

In particular, the study predicts that, if the bacterium spreads further, the economic losses sustained by these three countries will exceed a total of EUR 20 billion. In Greece, where no attacks by this pest have been reported so far, the potential damage is estimated at EUR 2 billion.

The damage to olives will cause a reduction in olive production, with unsustainable economic consequences for producers, a fall in supply resulting in an increase in prices for consumers, the loss of traditional olive groves and a decline in the value of land and the attractiveness of olive-growing regions for tourists, which will have a serious impact on the local economy.

In view of the above, will the Commission say:

1. What actions are planned to prevent the spread of the bacterium?

2. Is it planned to finance measures to prevent the spread of the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa under the new MFF 2021-2027 and to ensure that it is biologically controlled?

Original language of question: EL
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