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Parliamentary questions
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30 April 2020
Question for written answer
to the Commission
Rule 138
Traian Băsescu
 Subject: Abuse of office

The latest report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council assessing the extent to which Member States have taken the necessary measures in order to comply with Council Framework Decision 2003/568/JHA of 22 July 2003 on combating corruption in the private sector reveals that Member States are transposing EU legislation on corruption differently. The same differences are also apparent when it comes to corruption in the public sector.

One example of this is abuse of office. One of the fundamental challenges to pursuing anti-corruption policies is the lack of an EU-wide harmonised definition of ‘public official’, which would also include elected officials, and of a harmonised definition of ‘abuse of office’. Were Member States to adopt a common definition of offences constituting corruption, this would reduce the risks associated with the adoption of different approaches by ensuring a uniform interpretation and a standard approach to the criteria for prosecuting a case as corruption. This lack of harmonisation was emphasised in the EU Anti-Corruption Report published back in 2014. In view of this, can the Commission state:

1. What steps it will take to harmonise the concept of ‘public official’ across the EU?

2. What steps it will take to harmonise the concept of ‘abuse of office’ across the EU?

Original language of question: RO
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