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Parliamentary questions
PDF 43kWORD 10k
8 May 2020
Question for written answer
to the Commission
Rule 138
Marco Zanni (ID), Francesca Donato (ID), Valentino Grant (ID), Antonio Maria Rinaldi (ID)
 Subject: Coronavirus - state aid and distortion of competition

DG Competition has hitherto authorised up to EUR 1 900 billion in state aid to deal with the pandemic emergency. Looking at data per country, a huge competition problem has come to light: 52% of the aid approved – some EUR 1 000 billion – is for Germany, while France and Italy, followed by other countries, will receive 17% of the authorised aid, equivalent to around EUR 320 billion each.

Owing to this disproportionate public support, German companies will increase their dominant and predatory position in the single market.

It is worth pointing out that Germany’s budgetary space already makes use of several imbalances, such as the excessive current account surplus, which is above 6% and in breach of the ‘six-pack’, the use of government debt financing at the most advantageous rates in the whole euro zone and the use of the Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau to support the national system of companies and publicly owned banks.

In the 2008-2013 crisis, furthermore, Germany subsidised its banks to the tune of over EUR 250 billion, creating huge distortions of competition with other EU countries, which intervened with much lower amounts.

In view of the above, can the Commission answer the following questions:

1. Does it not agree that this imbalance creates a serious distortion of competition in the single market?

2. How does it intend to ensure a level playing field for all EU companies, not least in view of the distortions created by the COVID-19 crisis and the legacy it will leave behind?

Original language of question: IT
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