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Parliamentary questions
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9 October 2020
E-003125/2020(ASW)
Answer given by Mr Várhelyi
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-003125/2020

The EU is committed to fighting terrorism and strongly opposes any incitement to violence or hatred. This is incompatible with our values of peace and tolerance, our objective of advancing a two-state solution, and our unwavering commitment to the security of Israel.

To this end, the EU closely and continuously monitors all EU-funded projects, which are audited and evaluated by internal and external experts. Strict control mechanisms ensure that EU funds and economic resources are not made available directly or indirectly to entities, individuals or groups of individuals designated by the EU as subject to EU restrictive measures. All contracts involving EU funding contain clauses that ensure full respect of applicable EU legislation, including on accountability, transparency and sound financial management, and aim at protecting the EU’s financial interests. Tender procedures and calls for proposals contain clear exclusion criteria that prevent any person or entity guilty of financing terrorism or terror-related offences (including inciting, aiding, abetting or attempting to commit such offences) from receiving EU funds or economic resources.

Nonetheless, the EU is conducting a critically-minded review of the safeguards in place (as well as of their efficiency and effectiveness) that protect EU funds against misuse or deviation for unintended purposes, including terrorism or incitement, in Palestine. The safeguards must ensure that the EU does not support any entities, individuals or groups affiliated linked or supporting terrorism or incitement. In parallel, the EU is looking into individual cases of alleged misuse or deviation of EU funds in Palestine.

The EU restrictive measures against terrorism are set out in Common Position 2001/931/CFSP(1) and Council Regulation (EC) No 2580/2001(2), providing for the freezing of funds of certain individuals and entities associated with persons, groups and entities involved in terrorist acts(3). The Council reviews the EU terrorist list at least twice yearly. Amendments to the lists require a unanimous Council decision.

(1)https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:02001E0931-20171115 .
(2)https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1571996029714&uri=CELEX:02001R2580-20190709 .
(3)A complete list of individuals and entities (and their country of origin or residence, if available) subject to EU restrictive measures against terrorism can be found in the relevant legal acts published in the EU Official Journal, as well as in the Financial Sanctions Files ( https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/europeaid/fsd/fsf#!/files ) and at www.sanctionsmap.eu
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