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Parliamentary questions
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12 August 2020
Answer given by Mr Hogan
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-003131/2020

Mexico is a net importer of agriculture products. The modernised Agreement will offer increased export opportunities for the EU farming sector and its high-quality food and drink products. The EU obtained large market access in dairy. Imports in Mexico of all EU processed agricultural products will be fully liberalised and imports of EU pork and poultry will be almost fully liberalised. Trade in the wine and spirits will be facilitated.

The agreement will protect 320 EU geographical indications (GIs), including 36 French agri-food products and 40 French wines next to the full list of French spirits covered by the EU-Mexico Spirits Agreement(1). Sensitive agricultural products will be excluded from liberalisation and subject to carefully calibrated tariff rate quotas.

For beef imports into the EU, the tariff reduction applies only to 10 000 tonnes of Mexican meat and 10 000 tonnes of beef offal, both with in-quota duty, in exchange for duty free tariff quotas for the EU of 30 000 tonnes of beef meat and 10 000 tonnes of beef offal.

All products, regardless of their origin and tariff treatment, need to meet EU sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) standards, as otherwise they cannot be imported into the EU market. SPS standards will continue to be strictly enforced to ensure that all imported products fully comply.

In the area of antimicrobial resistance, products of animal origin imported in the EU need to comply with the strict EU requirements on the use of antibiotics. In addition, the EU will work with international partners to build green alliances and promote sustainability standards for food systems at global level.

(1)Agreement between the European Community and the United Mexican States on the mutual recognition and protection of designations for spirit drinks signed on 27 May 1997 at Brussels (the ‘1997 Spirits Agreement’). Official Journal of the European Communities, L 152, 11 June 1997, p. 16-26.
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