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Parliamentary questions
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28 May 2020
Question for written answer E-003248/2020/rev.1
to the Commission
Rule 138
Isabel Santos (S&D)
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Disembarkation of migrants in Libya

According to the IOM, more than 3000 migrants have already been returned to Libya since the beginning of the year.

Libya is not a safe haven and any disembarkation of migrants in that country is therefore a violation of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue. 

In spite of this, earlier this week we were made aware of yet another situation which runs counter to the above-mentioned legal provisions: the German cargo ship ‘Anne’, sailing under a Portuguese flag, is said to have received orders from the Maltese maritime search and rescue centre to rescue 100 people and to turn them over to a Libyan navy vessel.

Given that the humanitarian situation in Libya is not going to change in the short to medium term, there is an urgent need for Europe to establish a search and rescue mechanism in the Mediterranean, accompanied by the opening of ports to this type of disembarkation as well as a mechanism to relocate these people according to the principle of solidarity among Member States.

In light of the above, I should like to ask the Commission the following: What is its view on the action that Malta has been taking in such situations and on this type of behaviour perpetuated by the authorities with regard to people rescued at sea?

Original language of question: PT
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