Answer given by High Representative/Vice-President Borrell on behalf of the European Commission
The EU’s Action Plan Against Disinformation (2018) provides for a definition of disinformation. This definition informs the work of the Commission, including in relevant Council Conclusions and most recent Communication on tackling COVID-19 disinformation, which build on existing terminology in response to evolving threats’ landscape and new forms of information manipulation.
Combatting the flow of disinformation and misinformation is done in full respect of freedom of expression and other fundamental rights and democratic values.
The website EUvsDisinfo.eu is one of the awareness-raising instruments on harmful disinformation disseminated by from pro-Kremlin sources. It uses transparent criteria and clearly defines the scope of the disinformation covered, in accordance with the 2018 Action Plan and Council Conclusions.
A particular focus of the EEAS’ work has been to detect patterns, approaches and strategies in disinformation activities and related products, enabling comprehensive analysis and exposure of disinformation campaigns.
The website thus focuses on exposing the manipulative character of the referenced disinformation and on raising awareness on the threat, in this way contributing to resilience building in society and media.
This approach is particularly important in handling the COVID-19 crisis where so far hundreds of related disinformation cases have been detected and exposed, confirming the intentional and coordinated character of the related influence operations.
-  https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/54866/action-plan-against-disinformation_en
-  See e.g. General Affairs Council Conclusions from December 2019.
-  Joint Communication Tackling COVID-19 Disinformation of the European Commission and High Representative/Vice-President of June 2020 ( https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/communication-tackling-covid-19-disinformation-getting-facts-right_en.pdf )