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Parliamentary questions
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2 June 2020
Question for written answer E-003321/2020
to the Commission
Rule 138
Idoia Villanueva Ruiz (GUE/NGL)
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Procurement of Israeli drones for the surveillance of migrants in the Mediterranean

According to information from the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor (1) , FRONTEX and the European Maritime Safety Agency have issued contracts valued at EUR 100 million to purchase drones to monitor asylum seekers and migrants in the Mediterranean. Out of that sum, contracts worth EUR 59 million are said to have been awarded to two Israeli companies, Elbit Systems and IAI, whose products have been tested through human rights violations in Gaza and throughout Palestine. The aim of using these drones to monitor people who risk their lives in the Mediterranean, rather than ships which should fulfil their duty to provide assistance at sea according to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982, constitutes an infringement of their most basic human rights.

1. Does the EU intend to use drones instead of ships and thus avoid having to fulfil the obligation to effect rescues at sea?

2. Is the use of drones being coordinated with countries such as Libya in whose detention camps the human rights of asylum seekers are violated?

3. Does the Commission consider it appropriate to use European funds to purchase Israeli drones which have been ‘tested through human rights violations’ in Palestine?


Original language of question: ES
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