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Parliamentary questions
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22 September 2020
Question for written answer E-005165/2020
to the Commission
Rule 138
Sophia in 't Veld (Renew)
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Data transfers to the US in the framework of FATCA and the GDPR

In order to comply with the US Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA), implemented by bilateral intergovernmental agreements (IGAs) concluded between the EU Member States and the US, accidental Americans, who are EU citizens, have to transmit a social security number (SSN) to their bank under threat of closure of their bank account. In order to obtain this SSN, these people have to provide very sensitive data to the Federal Benefit Unit of US embassies, which are subsequently transferred to the US.

1. Does the Commission consider this transfer of information to be in line with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)?

2. Does the Commission consider that this transfer of information is a direct consequence of the intergovernmental agreements concluded by the Member States to implement FATCA? What actions does the Commission undertake to protect the transfer of this information to the US?

3. Will the Commission open infringement procedures against the Member States?

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