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Parliamentary questions
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15 January 2021
E-005953/2020(ASW)
Answer given by High Representative/Vice-President Borrell
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-005953/2020

According to the information received through the United Nations Support Mission to Libya (UNSMIL), among the 75 participants to the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum (LPDF), 16 are women(1). Participants are drawn from different constituencies, based on the principles of inclusivity, fair geographic, ethnic, political, tribal, and social representation.

The EU Integrated Border Assistance Mission in Libya(2) supports Libyan authorities in their efforts to disrupt organised criminal networks involved in smuggling migrants, human trafficking and terrorism, focusing on border management, law enforcement and criminal justice. Operation Irini(3) draws on naval, aerial and satellite assets to provide broad monitoring in support of the implementation of the United Nations (UN) arms embargo, as per UN Security Council resolutions(4).

Operation Irini will also resume training to the Libyan Coast Guard and Navy as soon as the necessary arrangements are in place. Through the EU Trust Fund for Africa, EUR 57 million is dedicated to supporting the Libyans with border management, search and rescue activities at sea and at land, as well as law enforcement(5).

The EU fully supports UNSMIL’s work to sustain the LPDF to establish a transitional government until the elections on 24 December 2021. The EU is actively pursuing diplomatic engagement and outreach to encourage the Libyans to implement the Ceasefire Agreement of 23 October 2020, and is in constant dialogue with the UN and Libyan counterparts on how to best support this process.

As peace efforts progress, the EU will be able to enhance work with its partners, providing expertise in areas such as the electoral and the constitutional processes.

(1)See UNSMIL Press Release: https://unsmil.unmissions.org/statement-acting-special-representative-secretary-general-libya-stephanie-williams-first-round
(2)Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020 / 903 of 29 June 2020 amending Decision 2013/233/CFSP on the European Union Integrated Border Management Assistance Mission in Libya (EUBAM Libya)
(3)Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2020/ 472 of 31 March 2020 on a European Union military operation in the Mediterranean (EUNAVFOR MED IRINI).
(4)UN Security Council Resolution 2292 (2016) unanimously renewed by the UN Security Council on 5 June 2020 UN Security Council Resolution 2526(2020).
(5)EU Trust Fund for Africa, Support to Integrated border and migration management in Libya, adopted 27/07/2017.
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