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Parliamentary questions
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24 November 2020
Question for written answer  E-006403/2020
to the Commission
Rule 138
Hannah Neumann (Verts/ALE), Alexandra Geese (Verts/ALE), Viola Von Cramon-Taubadel (Verts/ALE), Erik Marquardt (Verts/ALE)
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: EU monitoring of the 2021 parliamentary elections in Iraq

Iraq’s parliamentary elections are scheduled for June 2021. Mass protests calling for political reforms have prompted the decision to bring forward the elections.

Following the liberation of Iraq’s north‑west from the Daesh regime, the EU strategy of 8 January 2018 on Iraq stated:

‘The EU in particular has a vital interest in making sure that Iraq emerges from the crisis stronger. Failure to address the root causes of the crisis would damage the country’s unity, its security, its democratic order, as well as its economic development, and would undermine the Iraqi Government’s reform and reconciliation efforts. (...) It is therefore essential that the EU and the international community remain engaged in supporting Iraq at this critical time’.

Since the overthrow of the Saddam Hussein regime in 2003, the EU has only sent one election support mission to Iraq, in 2010.

1. Does the European External Action Service agree that the 2021 elections in Iraq are of crucial importance for the peaceful and democratic development of the country and the region and that an EU Election Observation Mission (EOM) should therefore be given high priority?

2. By when will a decision on a 2021 EOM in Iraq have to be taken, in order to ensure its orderly implementation?

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