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Parliamentary questions
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5 March 2021
Answer given by Executive Vice-President Vestager
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-006588/2020

In general, it is for Member States to notify measures involving state aid to the Commission for assessment under EU rules. The German authorities have not notified measures involving state aid for the Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH (FBB) in 2020.

The Temporary Framework for state aid measures to support the economy in the current COVID-19 outbreak lays down the conditions under which the Commission can approve aid to remedy the liquidity shortage faced by undertakings and to ensure that the economic disruptions caused by the outbreak do not undermine their viability. The Commission has approved a number of German schemes under the mentioned rules, such as the COVID-19 airport scheme (SA.57644 (2020/N)), the Federal Framework for subsidised loans 2020 (SA.56974 (2020/N)) and the COVID-19 Economic Stabilisation Fund (SA.56814 (2020/N)). Such schemes could be used to grant aid to FBB as long as the conditions set out therein are met. If so, an additional notification to the Commission is not necessary.

In addition, Member States may have recourse to Article 107(2)(b) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Such aid may be granted to compensate damages that are directly linked to the pandemic and restrictive measures taken by Member States. As the aid amount is limited to the damage caused, overcompensation cannot occur in that situation.

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