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Parliamentary questions
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17 December 2020
Question for written answer  E-006955/2020/rev.1
to the Commission
Rule 138
Kosma Złotowski (ECR)
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Lack of tax solidarity in the European Union and lack of response to the existence of domestic tax havens

In 2016 an Oxfam report(1) listed the Netherlands, Ireland, Cyprus and Luxembourg as tax havens. Since 2017, when the EU list of tax havens was drawn up, no Member State has been included on it, although officially-recognised tax havens are estimated to generate 2% of global losses caused by illegal tax optimisation, while EU countries are responsible for as much as 36% of such losses. The EU treats the rules in this area on a discretionary basis and takes advantage of the lack of clear criteria and definitions, meaning that domestic tax havens can act with impunity.

1. Why has the Commission not yet taken any action to ensure that Member States are included on the list of tax havens, given that it has for a long time been in possession of public data on the issue of encouraging tax optimisation in some Member States?

2. Does the Commission intend to impose sanctions on European countries which encourage tax optimisation, along the lines of those applied to non-European tax havens and, by addressing the problem of domestic tax havens, generate an additional source of income for the EU budget?

3. Does the Commission not consider that Member States deliberately implementing legislation which encourages the artificial transfer of profits to them, thereby exposing other members of the community to losses, runs counter to the principle of EU solidarity?

Original language of question: PL
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