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Parliamentary questions
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26 January 2021
Question for written answer  E-000454/2021
to the Commission
Rule 138
Anna Fotyga (ECR)
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Controversial and hasty conclusion of the EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment

On 30 December 2020, the EU and China concluded the negotiations for a Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI). In its recent resolution, Parliament expresses its regret that by rushing to reach this agreement and not taking concrete action against ongoing grave human right violations in Hong Kong, Xinjiang and Tibet, the EU could be undermining its credibility as a global human rights actor(1). Although the Commission claimed that the CAI is not the appropriate tool to raise human rights concerns, it is notable that the EU has not used its Global Human Rights Sanctions Regime against the Chinese officials responsible for these abuses.

Another serious concern regarding the CAI is China’s policy of using its economy as a weapon. Despite having signed the China-Australia Free Trade Agreement, Beijing hit Australia with hostile trade restrictions when the latter called for an independent investigation into the origins of the coronavirus pandemic. This example proves that China will use its economy against any partner when it suits it, even if such aggressive actions breach existing international agreements or its own commitments.

How does the CAI protect the EU and its Member States from hostile economic actions by China, similar to those it used to target Australia?

(1)European Parliament resolution of 20 January 2021 on the crackdown on the democratic opposition in Hong Kong: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/RC-9-2021-0068_EN.html
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