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Parliamentary questions
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7 April 2021
Answer given by Ms Kyriakides
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-000628/2021

The European Semester country reports and country specific recommendations advocate ‐next to fostering accessible, effective and resilient health systems‐ for an increase in the cost-effectiveness of health expenditure, but do not advocate for privatisation nor outsourcing of health services.

In March 2020, the EU activated the general escape clause of the Stability and Growth Pact(1), allowing Member States flexibility to address the health and economic crises. In March 2021, the Commission provided Member States with orientations on the conduct of fiscal policy(2), including the implications of the Recovery and Resilience Facility(3) and for the review of the economic governance framework.

Upon the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Commission adopted proposals for country-specific recommendations that require Member States to take steps to strengthen the resilience of their national health system(4). The current European Semester is intrinsically linked to the Recovery and Resilience Facility as the assessment of the recovery and resilience plans will be checked against country-specific recommendations from the 2019 and 2020 European Semester cycles.

(1)See https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/economy-finance/2_en_act_part1_v3-adopted_text.pdf
(2)See https://ec.europa.eu/info/files/one-year-outbreak-covid-19-fiscal-policy-response_en
(3)See https://ec.europa.eu/info/business-economy-euro/recovery-coronavirus/recovery-and-resilience-facility_en
(4)See https://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/sante/newsletter-specific-archive-issue.cfm?archtype=specific&newsletter_service_id=327&newsletter_issue_id=22416&page=1&fullDate=Wed%2020%20May%202020&lang=default
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