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Parliamentary questions
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30 July 2021
Answer given by Mr Schmit
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-000765/2021

The Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) provides up to EUR 672.5bn to support Member States’ social and economic resilience and job creation. NextGenerationEU can deliver an estimated 2% of additional gross domestic product by 2024 and create 2 million jobs(1). Specifically, green transition-related net job creation is estimated at 1.2 million EU jobs by 2030.(2) However, job losses will occur in other sectors requiring massive re‐ and upskilling of the workforce to ensure that green and digital employment will expand. The recommendation on Effective Active Support to Employment(3) provides Member States with guidance to master these transitions through active labour market policies.

In line with the 2021 updated New Industrial Strategy(4), businesses and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) can expect support in digitalisation, broadband access, and decarbonisation. Insolvency frameworks will alleviate COVID-19-related debt. Finally, the RRF will address barriers to business, such as administrative burdens.

The Recovery Assistance for Cohesion and the Territories of Europe (REACT-EU) and the European Social Fund Plus will support employment, skills and social services. InvestEU will support social investment, skills and SMEs. The Just Transition Mechanism(5) will assist the most affected regions, alleviating the socioeconomic impact of the green transition. The Digital Europe Programme will boost the digitalisation of Europe.

The European instrument for temporary Support to mitigate Unemployment Risks in an Emergency (SURE) protects citizens during shocks by funding short-time work schemes. The Commission will carefully evaluate the successful experience of SURE in the coming years.

(1)Annual Sustainable Growth Strategy 2021, COM(2020) 575 final and Institutional Paper 136 [Autumn Economic Forecast, 2020], pp.65-70.
(2)By 2050, the job creation potential is estimated to be at 2 million, on top of the expected job creation of 12 million under the baseline For further detail, see the impact assessment accompanying the European Commission’s proposal for the 2030 Climate Target Plan .
(3)Adopted on 4 March 2021 https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?langId=en&catId=89&furtherNews=yes&newsId=9939 [The European Pillar of Social Rights: turning principles into actions]
(4), https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/communication-industrial-strategy-update-2020_en.pdf
(5)Adopted jointly on 14 January 2020 with the communication on a Strong Social Europe for Just Transition ( https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/fs_20_49 )
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