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Parliamentary questions
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11 June 2021
Answer given by Mr Wojciechowski
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-001827/2021

The EU supports its growers of 15 selected fruits and vegetables, including fresh tomatoes, through the application of ad valorem tariffs to imports and also through the entry price system (EPS) which entered into force in 1995 as a result of the outcome of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Uruguay Round negotiations. The levels of entry prices, which vary according to the products and the periods, were and remain fixed in the EU’s WTO schedule and are currently reflected in the EU’s common customs tariff.

In particular, the imports into the EU of fresh tomatoes from Morocco is regulated by the 2012 agreement between both parties which foresees, inter-alia, a system of tariff quotas as well as preferential custom duties and entry prices.

The EPS was changed in 2014, notably by the elimination of the so-called ‘deductive price’ method (to clear customs) which had triggered accusations of enabling importers to evade some of the import duties that would otherwise be due.

Within the current system, the price figure, on the basis of which the customs clearance is assessed, is either the invoice for the individual consignment or the Standard Import Value (SIV). SIV is published daily by the Commission per product and per country of origin and is calculated on the basis of representative prices of imported products notified by Member States to the Commission pursuant to Article 74 of Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/891(1). The Commission does not currently envisage any changes to the existing system.

(1)OJ L 138, 25.05.2017.
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