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Parliamentary questions
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21 June 2021
E-002283/2021(ASW)
Answer given by Ms Simson
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: E-002283/2021

The Commission is aware of the quoted recent study and others, which indicate that the Dunaszentgyörgy-Harta (DH) fault is active. The Commission has contacted the Hungarian authorities to know how the national regulatory authority (Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority — HAEA) is following up on these latest findings in respect of the regulator’s earlier decision on site licensing.

However, the Commission is not empowered to take action to verify the position of geological features at a construction project on the territory of a Member State that is the subject of a regulatory decision. The Commission also cannot intervene in decisions on the licencing of nuclear installations which fall under national responsibility of the Member States.

Nevertheless, and within its powers and prerogatives, the Commission follows closely the situation of the Paks II project and monitors the transposition and implementation of the Nuclear Safety Directive(1) in Hungary. The Commission can initiate an infringement procedure where appropriate in case of identified non-compliance.

The Commission is also currently examining General Data submitted by Hungary in relation to Paks II plans under Article 37 of the Euratom Treaty in order to form its opinion if the notified plans are liable to result in radioactive contamination of water, soil or airspace in another Member State.

Nevertheless, the prime responsibility for the nuclear safety of a nuclear installation rests with the licence holder under the regulatory control of the competent regulatory authority, in this case the HAEA.

(1)OJ L 172, 2.7.2009, p.18 — OJ L 219, 25.7.2014, p. 42‐52.
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