Answer given by Ms Kyriakides on behalf of the European Commission
Locally adapted vegetable and agricultural conservation varieties can be grown and marketed even if they do not comply with the general requirements as regards the acceptance of varieties and the marketing of seed.
On 29 April 2021, the Commission has published a study on options to update the legislation on the production and marketing of plant reproductive material.
This study concludes that lighter requirements for conservation varieties might have to be introduced. Subject to the outcome of an impact assessment, the Commission might propose lighter and harmonised rules in the upcoming revision of the legislation of marketing of plant reproductive material.
Furthermore, the EU and all of its Member States are contracting parties to the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and the EU is fully committed to implement farmers’ rights as enshrined in Article 9 of that Treaty.
-  Commission Directive 2008/62/EC of 20 June 2008 providing for certain derogations for acceptance of agricultural landraces and varieties which are naturally adapted to the local and regional conditions and threatened by genetic erosion and for marketing of seed and seed potatoes of those landraces and varieties, OJ L 162, 21.6.2008, p. 13‐19; Commission Directive 2009/145/EC of 26 November 2009 providing for certain derogations, for acceptance of vegetable landraces and varieties which have been traditionally grown in particular localities and regions and are threatened by genetic erosion and of vegetable varieties with no intrinsic value for commercial crop production but developed for growing under particular conditions and for marketing of seed of those landraces and varieties, OJ L 312, 27.11.2009, p. 44‐54.
-  https://ec.europa.eu/food/system/files/2021-04/prm_leg_future_prm-study_swd-2021-90.pdf
-  http://www.fao.org/3/i0510e/I0510E.pdf