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Parliamentary questions
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19 July 2021
Question for written answer  E-003645/2021
to the Commission
Rule 138
Jordi Solé (Verts/ALE)
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Prices paid to agricultural and livestock farmers in the food chain

Farmers, which are the first and weakest link in the food chain, have to endure market abuse by the main distribution companies, which force them to lower prices, making their production economically unviable.

In Spain, five such companies control 49% of the market, while in Germany a mere four control 85% of it.

The Congress of Deputies is currently debating Royal Decree-Law 5/2020, known as the ‘food chain law’, which transposes the European directive with the aim of protecting farmers so that they do not lose money.

One of the Commission’s objectives for the CAP was to ensure that farmers receive a fair income. However, the approved CAP clearly discriminates against Mediterranean agriculture.

1. Does the Commission consider Directive (EU) 2019/633 and the CAP to be sufficient to protect prices paid to farmers?

2. Does the draft food chain law take EU law sufficiently into account?

3. Is it possible to envisage specific measures for small Mediterranean agriculture and livestock farming in the Iberian Peninsula, especially in the case of Valencia, Murcia and Catalonia?

Original language of question: ES
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