Answer given by Executive Vice-President Timmermans on behalf of the European Commission
1. Zero‐ and low-carbon technologies are key for reaching our climate goals. The ‘Delivering the European Green Deal’ package proposes actions to stimulate their deployment. For example, the proposals for a revision of the Renewable Energy Directive and the Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Regulation set targets that will push for the development of options reducing greenhouse gas intensity in many sectors, such as transport and industry. The revision of the EU Emissions Trading System strengthens the price signal to help companies invest in less carbon-intensive technologies. The revision of the Energy Efficiency Directive will accelerate the use of lower energy consumption technologies. Finally, through e.g. the Innovation Fund, the Commission aims at fostering investments to accelerate the market uptake of such technologies.
2. The package includes safeguard mechanisms, which guarantee the priority of a fair and green transition. First, transitional periods allow different sectors to adjust, e.g. the obligation to surrender allowances for the maritime sector. Second, specific instruments will compensate for distributional impacts: the newly created Social Climate Fund will address social impacts arising from the new emissions trading for buildings and transport on energy poor households, vulnerable micro-enterprises and transport users, which are a priority. The Just Transition Fund, in turn, will support regions in their transition. Third, the package ensures that Member States can achieve their targets cost-efficiently. Importantly, the package is designed to enhance Europe’s competitiveness and growth potential. Finally, specific review clauses for relevant pieces of proposed legislation are introduced.