Answer given by Ms Ferreira on behalf of the European Commission
The Commission indeed places great importance on limiting the environmental impact of industrial activity in the EU and this principle is one of the key considerations behind the European Green Deal, which aims to combat climate change and environmental degradation through the transformation of the EU into a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy.
In the context of the EU Emission Trading Scheme, greenhouse gas emissions have to be reported for each installation yearly. This data is publicly available in the EU Transaction Log. For the installation in question, data is available for the years 2005 to 2015, when the installation ceased operations. Besides, emissions of pollutants from cement production are covered by EC laws.
When using EU funds to invest in projects under the 2021-2027 programming period, EU regions and autonomous provinces like Trento need to support activities that would respect the climate and environmental standards and priorities of the EU and would do no significant harm to environmental objectives within the meaning of Article 17 of Regulation (EU) No 2020/852. In addition, the objectives of the funds need to be pursued in line with the objective of promoting sustainable development taking into account the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, the Paris Agreement and the ‘do no significant harm’ (DNSH) principle (cf. Regulation (EU) 2021/1060) .
Before submitting regional and national programmes to the Commission under the 2021-2027 programming period, Member States have to ascertain that the programmes comply with the DNSH principle. Therefore, any new actions intended to be supported for cement production, the autonomous province of Trento must ensure that such actions comply with the DNSH.
-  https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_en
-  https://ec.europa.eu/clima/ets/ohaDetails.do?accountID=102406&action=all&languageCode=en&returnURL=resultList.currentPageNumber%3D2%26installationName%3D%26accountHolder%3D%26backList%3DBack%26permitIdentifier%3D%26form%3Doha%26searchType%3Doha%26currentSortSettings%3D%26mainActivityType%3D29%26installationIdentifier%3D%26account.registryCodes%3DIT%26languageCode%3Den®istryCode=IT
-  Such as Directive 2010 /75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control) , OJ L 334, 17.12.2010, p. 17 ( https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32010L0075 ). This directive lays down rules to prevent or, where that is not practicable, to reduce industrial emissions into air, water and soil.
-  Regulation (EU) 2020/852 of 18 June 2020 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment, and amending Regulation (EU) 2019/2088, OJ L 198, 22.6.2020, p. 13. See: https ://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32020R0852
This objective is set out in Article 11 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU. For the purposes of the Common Provisions Regulation, ‘Do No Significant Harm’ is to be interpreted within the meaning of Article 17 of the Taxonomy Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2020/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2020 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment, and amending Regulation (EU) 2019/2088, OJ L 198, 22.6.2020, p. 13; see: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2020/852 ). This Article defines what constitutes ‘significant harm’ for the six environmental objectives covered by the Taxonomy Regulation:
— an activity is considered to do significant harm to climate change mitigation if it leads to significant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions;
— an activity is considered to do significant harm to climate change adaptation if it leads to an increased adverse impact of the current climate and the expected future climate, on the activity itself or on people, nature or assets;
— an activity is considered to do significant harm to the sustainable use and protection of water and marine resources if it is detrimental to the good status or the good ecological potential of bodies of water, including surface water and groundwater, or to the good environmental status of marine waters;
— an activity is considered to do significant harm to the circular economy, including waste prevention and recycling, if it leads to significant inefficiencies in the use of materials or in the direct or indirect use of natural resources, or if it significantly increases the generation, incineration or disposal of waste, or if the long-term disposal of waste may cause significant and long-term environmental harm;
— an activity is considered to do significant harm to pollution prevention and control if it leads to a significant increase in emissions of pollutants into air, water or land;
— an activity is considered to do significant harm to the protection and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystems if it is significantly detrimental to the good condition and resilience of ecosystems, or detrimental to the conservation status of habitats and species, including those of Union interest.
-  Article 9(4) of Regulation (EU) 2021/1060 of 24 June 2021 laying down common provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund Plus, the Cohesion Fund, the Just Transition Fund and the European Maritime, Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund and financial rules for those and for the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund, the Internal Security Fund and the Instrument for Financial Support for Border Management and Visa Policy, OJ L 231, 30.6.2021, p. 159. See: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32021R1060