Answer given by Ms Simson on behalf of the European Commission
Following Russia’s unprovoked military invasion of Ukraine, the Commission adopted, on 8 March 2022, the REPowerEU Communication, which sets out actions to reach independence from Russian gas imports well before the end of the decade.
On 18 May 2022, the Commission proposed the REPowerEU plan, with concrete measures to diversify imports, save energy and accelerate the green transition, e.g., through faster deployment of renewables and scaling up the hydrogen and biomethane production. Other actions aim to save energy and promote the decarbonisation of industry.
To help meet the investment needs of EUR 210 billion by 2027, the REPowerEU plan mobilises the funding from across the EU budget, NextGenerationEU and the emission trading system.
When it comes to reducing EU dependence on imported gas, it is clear that the EU is stronger when acting together. This is why the Commission has set up, jointly with Member States, an EU energy platform that facilitates common gas purchases at EU level and prepares the groundwork for long-term energy partnerships with key suppliers of liquified natural gas (LNG), gas and hydrogen.
The EU agreed on 5 April 2022 on its 5th package of sanctions, including a prohibition, as from August 2022, on the purchase, import or transfer into the EU of coal originating in Russia or exported from Russia.
On 30 May 2022, the EU agreed on the 6th package of sanctions, which includes a ban on Russian oil covering 90% of all Russian oil imports into the EU.
In line with the 6th package of sanctions, the Russian supply of crude oil will be phased out within six months and refined products by the end of 2022.