Answer given by Mr Wojciechowski on behalf of the European Commission
Ukraine’s and Russia’s share in the EU imports in 2021 were respectively 37.1% and 5.8% for grains, 9.4% and 2.6% for proteins and 4.8% and 26.3% for fertilisers.
On 23 March 2022, the Commission presented its communication ‘Safeguarding food security and reinforcing the resilience of food systems’.
The European Council on 25 March 2022 invited the Council to take work forward on this Commission’s communication, which sets out a number of short, medium and long-term actions that address food security and food system resilience.
The medium and long-term actions include the implementation of the Farm to Fork and Biodiversity Strategies, as the transition to sustainability is fundamental for future food security.
Further measures include innovation through research, knowledge, technology, and agro-ecology, reducing the dependence on feed imports, and a review of the EU’s protein policy.
An ambitious and robust trade policy, multilaterally as well as through trade agreements, plays a key role in diversifying import sources and market outlets.
-  COM(2022)133 final.