Answer given by Mr Wojciechowski on behalf of the European Commission
Honey imported into the EU is accompanied by an official certificate as laid down in Regulation (EU) 2020/2235. This document certifies also the origin of the honey and its compliance with EU food safety rules.
The Customs legislation (Union Customs Code and its Delegated Act) clearly specifies that goods originate in the country where they have been wholly obtained or, in case several countries are involved in their production, where they underwent their last, substantial, economically-justified processing.
As regards honey, the country of origin is the country where the honey has been harvested or obtained in its natural or unprocessed state. Non-binding rules of origin have been published on the Europa website regarding the determination of the non-preferential origin of products with different origins, which are blended.
In any event, with regard to origin labelling, Council Directive 2001/110/EC relating to honey provides that the country of origin where the honey has been harvested must be indicated on the label, with the exception of honey originating from more than one country that can be labelled as ‘blend of EU honeys’, ‘blend of non-EU honeys’ or ‘blend of EU and non-EU honeys’.
This particular aspect is part of the review of marketing standards, as highlighted in reply to question 5378/2021.
The existing EU rules concerning the determination of the origin of imported honey are deemed to be sufficient. The Commission does not intend to amend the Customs legislation in that respect.