Parliamentary question - E-001255/2022(ASW)Parliamentary question

Answer given by Mr Breton on behalf of the European Commission

Article 18 of Directive (EU) 2019/790[1] aims at ensuring appropriate and proportionate remuneration for authors and performers when they license or transfer their exclusive rights for the exploitation of their works or other subject matter.

Member States can implement this provision through different mechanisms, including collective bargaining and other mechanisms[2], provided they are in conformity with EC law.

Therefore, the Commission has not promoted a specific way to implement this article. The Commission discussed the implementation of this article in the Copyright contact committee[3] and bilaterally when approached by Member States.

The Commission considers that, in principle, Member States could transpose Article 18 through an unwaivable remuneration right provided that this complies with relevant EC law, including the principle of contractual freedom, fair balance of rights and interests, and the exclusive rights in the copyright acquis.

Any provision implementing Article 18 should secure appropriate and proportionate remuneration to authors and performers and should not deprive them of their freedom to decide in the first place whether or not to license or transfer their rights.

The Commission has not yet carried out a final legal assessment of Member States’ implementing measures, considering that the implementation is still ongoing and around half of the Member States have not yet transposed the Copyright Directive into national law.

Therefore, the Commission is not yet in a position to issue any opinion on individual national implementations of the new Copyright Directive.

Last updated: 1 August 2022
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