Answer given by Ms Simson on behalf of the European Commission
Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine has laid bare the EU’s overdependence on Russian fossil fuels. The REPowerEU Plan sets out a comprehensive set of measures to phase out dependency on Russian fossil fuels as soon as possible. Next to energy savings and an accelerated rollout of renewables, this will also require a further diversification of energy supplies.
The European Energy Engagement Strategy lists a number of potential alternative suppliers for additional gas and Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) deliveries. For example, LNG deliveries from the United States this year have tripled compared to 2021.
The EU imported 43,982 thousand tonnes of oil products from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 2020. The EU is not importing any LNG from Saudi Arabia.
The EU imported 1 611 thousand tonnes of oil and 17.7 billion cubic metres of LNG from Qatar in 2020. These imports from Saudi Arabia and Qatar have remained stable.
The EU has established Human Rights dialogues with Saudi Arabia and Qatar in 2021 and 2018 respectively. In these fora the EU consistently raises issues including the situation of women’s rights, individual activists, migrant workers and human rights defenders.