Answer given by Ms Simson on behalf of the European Commission
Because of its urgent nature and involvement of security aspects, no impact assessment was conducted in preparation of the REPowerEU Plan.
This is in line with the Better Regulation Toolbox. A Commission Staff Working Document accompanied the plan, with comprehensive analytical information and quantitative analysis supporting the proposal.
The REpowerEU plan highlights the importance of critical raw materials (CRMs) and the need to intensify work on supply of CRMs based on the 2020 Communication on CRMs and its Action Plan to limit strategic dependency on third countries, including China.
The Commission has established Strategic Partnerships on Raw Materials with Canada and Ukraine and is negotiating new ones with countries in Africa and Latin America, to diversify supply sources while promoting responsible sourcing . The European Raw Materials Alliance established a pipeline of projects that could diversify EU’s access to rare earths.
Beyond supplier diversification, the RepowerEU plan prioritises strengthening circular economy models and developing substitutes to CRMs.
The Commission aims to improve the recycling of CRMs and through Horizon Europe, is financing research to develop alternative materials. REpowerEU also announced a legislative proposal to address the challenges.
Strategic dependencies for solar photovoltaics (PV) are covered in a dedicated in-depth review. A flagship of the Solar Strategy — Solar PV Industry Alliance — will work to increase manufacturing in the EU of innovative and sustainable solar PVs, while diversifying imports.
Support for PV manufacturing was also provided by some Member States in their Recovery and Resilience Plans and by the Commission in the Innovation Fund.
-  https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/swd2021_305_en.pdf — an impact assessment is required for Commission initiatives likely to have significant economic, environmental or social impacts or which entail significant spending, and where a choice of policy options is available.
-  https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/br_toolbox-nov_2021_en_0.pdf
-  SWD(2022) 230 final.
-  https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52020DC0474
-  https://ec.europa.eu/docsroom/documents/48878
-  https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM%3A2022%3A221%3AFIN&qid=1653034500503
-  https://ec.europa.eu/clima/news-your-voice/news/tango-story-towards-largest-solar-factory-europe-2022-07-11_en