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Parliamentary question - E-002317/2022(ASW)Parliamentary question

Answer given by Mr Várhelyi on behalf of the European Commission

Already in June 2018, the Council stated that Turkey was moving away from the European Union and remarked that Turkey's accession negotiations had come to a standstill.

This assessment has been repeated consistently since then and the underlying facts leading to this assessment still hold. Any decision to formally end accession negotiations would be for EU Member States to take, according to the provisions of the negotiating framework.

As Turkey remains a candidate country, it is also eligible for pre-accession funding. Nevertheless, due to backsliding in democracy, rule of law and fundamental rights, the EU cut EUR 1.3 billion (30%) from the Turkey financial envelope during the 2014-2020 period. Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) III funds are focusing on priority areas rather than country envelopes.

This allows to reward performance and progress made by the enlargement countries on key priorities. In addition, a large part of EU funding is channelled to independent civil society organisations and supporting people to people exchanges, which are EU policy priorities. These funds do not benefit the authorities directly.

In accordance with Article 7 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 on the European Border and Coast Guard[1]1], the Member States retain primary responsibility for the management of their sections of the external borders of the EU.

Follow-up information on the work of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) will be provided by the Commission to the Honourable Member as soon as possible.

Last updated: 14 September 2022
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