Answer given by Ms Kyriakides on behalf of the European Commission
The Commission is aware of the INSERM study presuming a link between exposure to certain pesticides and paediatric cancer, but acknowledges difficulties to link the effects observed to particular active substances therein.
Measures to combat childhood cancers include:
— Active substances cannot be approved for use in plant protection products (PPP), and PPPs containing them cannot be authorised, if harmful effects are expected on human health, including that of vulnerable groups. Updated European Food Safety Authority guidance to assess exposure to pesticides and the resulting risks for humans including children, was published in January 2022 and endorsed by the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed.
— Member States authorising PPP can impose particular conditions or restrictions, for instance no-spray buffer zones around certain areas. In addition, under the existing Sustainable Use Directive the use of pesticides in areas used by general public or vulnerable groups (e.g. parks, schools) has to be minimised or prohibited. The Commission’s proposal for a Sustainable Use Regulation foresees mandatory no-spray buffer zones around such areas.
— The Commission created the European Reference Networks (ERNs) on rare and complex diseases to help patients (children in most cases) to access specialists’ care across the EU: ERN PaedCan focuses on paediatric haematological cancers, GENTURIS on genetic tumour risk syndromes, and EuroBloodNet on rare haematological diseases.
— Europe’s Beating Cancer Plan and the Horizon Europe Cancer Mission include initiatives on paediatric cancer, e.g. supporting research and innovation in childhood cancer and the ‘Helping Children with Cancer Initiative’.
-  https://www.actu-environnement.com/ae/news/leucemie-aigue-enfant-inserm-lien-usage-pesticides-vignes-40010.php4
-  Organophosphates and pyrethroids.
-  Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79/117/EEC and 91/414/EEC, OJ L 309, p. 1‐50 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32009R1107&qid=1659437275081
-  https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/pub/7032
-  Directive 2009/128/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides (Text with EEA relevance)
OJ L 309, p. 71‐86, https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32009L0128&qid=1659437427212
-  https://food.ec.europa.eu/system/files/2022-06/pesticides_sud_eval_2022_reg_2022-305_en.pdf
-  European Reference Networks: https://ec.europa.eu/health/ern_en
-  https://paedcan.ern-net.eu/
-  https://www.genturis.eu/l=eng/Home.html
-  http://www.eurobloodnet.eu/
-  https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_342
-  https://ec.europa.eu/info/research-and-innovation/funding/funding-opportunities/funding-programmes-and-open-calls/horizon-europe/eu-missions-horizon-europe/cancer_en