Parliamentary question - E-003403/2022Parliamentary question

    Availability of raw materials and geopolitical aspects of the Green Deal


    Question for written answer  E-003403/2022
    to the Commission
    Rule 138
    Barbara Thaler (PPE), Stelios Kympouropoulos (PPE), Vasile Blaga (PPE), Ioan-Rareş Bogdan (PPE), Daniel Buda (PPE), Cristian-Silviu Buşoi (PPE), Marian-Jean Marinescu (PPE), Siegfried Mureşan (PPE), Loránt Vincze (PPE), Markus Ferber (PPE), Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar (PPE), Maria da Graça Carvalho (PPE), Andrey Novakov (PPE), Ljudmila Novak (PPE), Tomáš Zdechovský (PPE), Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska (PPE), Christine Schneider (PPE), Romana Tomc (PPE), Markus Pieper (PPE), Manolis Kefalogiannis (PPE), Magdalena Adamowicz (PPE), Eugen Tomac (PPE), Angelika Niebler (PPE), Anne Sander (PPE), Dan-Ştefan Motreanu (PPE), Brice Hortefeux (PPE), Tom Berendsen (PPE), François-Xavier Bellamy (PPE), Pernille Weiss (PPE), Jens Gieseke (PPE), Christian Ehler (PPE), Karolin Braunsberger-Reinhold (PPE), Jörgen Warborn (PPE), Iuliu Winkler (PPE), Othmar Karas (PPE), Christophe Hansen (PPE), Ivan Štefanec (PPE), Miriam Lexmann (PPE), Hildegard Bentele (PPE), Henna Virkkunen (PPE), Pascal Arimont (PPE), Simone Schmiedtbauer (PPE), Angelika Winzig (PPE), Christian Sagartz (PPE), Lukas Mandl (PPE), Alexander Bernhuber (PPE)

    The energy transition in general and the production of electric vehicles and their batteries in particular require significantly more raw materials compared to conventional alternatives. A study by KU Leuven from April 2022 shows that, without investing in domestic mines and refineries at high European standards, Europe is and will remain almost completely dependent on imports until a recycling industry is set up. These imports include the urgently needed raw materials lithium, nickel and cobalt and the rare earth metals dysprosium, neodymium and praseodymium.

    The study concludes that, without an increase in global mining investment, supply chain bottlenecks are likely to develop for these raw materials and for copper. Globally, these bottlenecks could last until 2030 or as late as 2040 for some raw materials.

    Last updated: 24 October 2022
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