Answer given by Ms Malmström on behalf of the Commission
The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) only stipulates that the Parties may provisionally apply CETA when both Parties (EU and Canada) have completed their respective internal requirements and procedures necessary for the provisional application of this Agreement.
According to the Lisbon Treaty, it is for the Council to decide on whether to allow provisional application and its timing. Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the Council decided to provisionally apply major trade agreements such as with Korea and with Colombia and Peru only after the European Parliament gave its consent.
The Commission has committed on several instances that it will not request that the Council decides to provisionally apply CETA before consent is given by the European Parliament.
As regards the procedureal aspects on the decision to be made, the Council ratifies the agreement following the consent obtained from the European Parliament. The Council acts by qualified majority unless the agreement covers a field for which unanimity is required. In such case, the Council shall act unanimously.