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Parliamentary questions
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18 August 2017
Joint answer given by Ms Creţu on behalf of the Commission
Written questions: P-005051/17 , P-005055/17
Question references: P-005051/2017, P-005055/2017

The EU Solidarity Fund (EUSF) can only be activated if the Greek national authorities submit an application within 12 weeks of the occurrence of the disaster demonstrating that total direct damage exceeds 1.5% of the affected region's gross domestic product. Kos belongs to the Notio Aigaio region for which the damage threshold to be exceeded is EUR 90.7 million. The Commission cannot activate the Solidarity Fund upon its own initiative.

At this stage, the Commission has no official information about the size of the damage caused by the earthquake affecting Kos or whether the Greek authorities intend to submit an application.

If the EUSF is activated, it can be used for public emergency and recovery operations, including the restoration of essential infrastructure and the securing of cultural heritage. Retroactive financing of such activities undertaken in the immediate aftermath of the disaster is possible.

There is no instrument at EU level to compensate damage to private homes and businesses.

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