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Parliamentary questions
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29 November 2019
Answer given by Vice-President Mogherini
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: P-003410/2019

EU restrictive measures are to be implemented directly by the Member States, which are legally bound to act in conformity with Union law. The competent authorities within the Member States have primary responsibility for assessing whether there has been a breach of legislation and for taking adequate measures to address the issue .

The Commission oversees the application of Union law by the Member States under the control of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Acting within the limits of the powers conferred on it in the treaties, the Commission takes the most appropriate initiatives to that end.

In close cooperation with the EU Member States, the Commission constantly strives to improve the way in which an increasing number of restrictive measures are implemented and monitored. As far as it is concerned, the Commission has already allocated more staff and resources to support the design, interpretation and implementation of the relevant measures.

Furthermore, as stated in the mission letter of President-elect Ursula von der Leyen to Executive Vice-President designate Dombrovskis, the new Commission will place focus on the application and enforcement of EC law and in that context will provide support and continuous guidance to Member States on implementation of restrictive measures to guarantee the effectiveness of the EU sanctions regimes.

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