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Parliamentary questions
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12 February 2020
Priority question for written answer
to the Commission
Rule 138
Kosma Złotowski
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Incorrect indication of country of origin on fruit and vegetables in shops from the Biedronka chain

Numerous irregularities have been uncovered concerning the indication of the country of origin of products in shops from the Biedronka chain, which belongs to the Portuguese group Jerónimo Martins. The scale of these cases leads us to believe that the chain is consciously selling vegetables and fruit as Polish, although their actual country of origin is different. In the case of Biedronka shops, such practices are particularly blatant due to the fact that in its marketing activities, the chain emphasises that the vegetables and fruit on sale in the shops come mainly from Polish producers.

In this connection, I would like to put the following questions:

In the Commission’s view, can the deliberate erroneous indication of the country of origin of products sold by the chain be considered an unfair practice, as referred to in Directive 2005/29/EC of 11 May 2005 concerning unfair business-to-consumer commercial practices in the internal market?

Does the Commission feel that EU consumers are sufficiently protected from unfair practices employed by retail chains, such as misleading information about the country of origin of a product or erroneous indication of its price in the shop?

Does the Commission feel that the misleading indication of the country of origin of fruit and vegetables by a retail chain falls within the definition of unfair commercial practices in relations between traders in the agricultural and food supply chain as defined in Directive (EU) 2019/633?

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