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Parliamentary questions
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11 March 2020
P-001532/2020
Priority question for written answer
to the Commission
Rule 138
Michal Wiezik
 Subject: RED II sustainability and greenhouse gas emission savings criteria

Based on a study by the Commission’s Joint Research Centre (1) , energy accounts for nearly half (48 %) of the total use of woody biomass and demand is predicted to significantly increase. The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) report (2)   focusing on the region of Europe has already highlighted a decline in ecosystem services partly due to the intensification of forestry to provide biomass-based fuels. Directive (EU) 2018/2001 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (RED II) contains sustainability and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission savings criteria for biomass fuels, which are to be applied by mid-2021 to decrease potential risks and damage.

How much of the total solid biomass burned in the EU, including by households, will be covered by these criteria, given that they only apply to installations with a total rated thermal input equal to or exceeding 20 MW?

How efficient is the burning of solid biomass compared to the production of energy by solar or wind power?

(1)Camia A., Robert N., Jonsson R., Pilli R., García-Condado S., López-Lozano R., van der Velde M., Ronzon T., Gurría P., M’Barek R., Tamosiunas S., Fiore G., Araujo R., Hoepffner N., Marelli L., Giuntoli J., ‘Biomass production, supply, uses and flows in the European Union. First results from an integrated assessment’, EUR 28993 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2018.
(2)IPBES (2018): Summary for policymakers of the regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for Europe and Central Asia of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. M. Fischer, M. Rounsevell, A. Torre-Marin Rando, A. Mader, A. Church, M. Elbakidze, V. Elias, T. Hahn. P.A. Harrison, J. Hauck, B. Martín-López, I. Ring, C. Sandström, I. Sousa Pinto, P. Visconti, N.E. Zimmermann and M. Christie (eds.). IPBES secretariat, Bonn, Germany. Available at: https://ipbes.net/sites/default/files/ipbes_6_15_add.4_eca_english.pdf
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