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Parliamentary questions
PDF 54kWORD 21k
6 June 2020
Answer given by Mr Sinkevičius
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: P-001910/2020

T he Commission is closely following developments of this case. As explained in its reply to P-000581/2020, the Commission is currently investigating compliance with EU environmental law (including the Water Framework Directive(1)). Based on the outcome of this analysis, the Commission will decide on the measures to be taken.

The Turów power plant is included in the Polish transitional plan required under Directive 2010/75/EU on industrial emissions(2) and has to apply the Best Available Techniques(3) for large combustion plants at the latest by August 2021.

The plant must comply with the EU Emissions Trading System(4) requiring operators in the power sector to pay for each tonne of emissions produced and reduce emissions in line with the annually decreasing cap and the EU climate targets. The system provides an important long-term price signal for low-carbon investment for the companies to consider in project appraisal.

While Member States are free to choose their energy mix, they are bound by EU climate objectives and the Paris Agreement. T he European Green Deal Communication(5) states that ‘a power sector must be developed that is based largely on renewable sources, complemented by the rapid phasing out of coal and decarbonising gas’. To that end, the Commission aims to leverage both public support and private investment.

The Commission stands ready to support Member States in their transition towards climate neutrality, including via the future Just Transition Mechanism. It also provides a platform to discuss common transition challenges and solutions and maintains an EU-level dialogue through the initiative for coal regions in transition. Poland actively participates in the initiative and significant progress was already achieved in other Polish regions.

See annex :  Annex

(1)Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy, OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1‐73.
(2)Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control), OJ L 334, 17.12.2010, p. 17.
(3)Best Available Techniques (BAT) means the most effective and advanced techniques, developed on a scale allowing implementation in the relevant industrial sector, under economically and technically viable conditions.
(4)Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 establishing a system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Union and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC, OJ L 275, 25.10.2003, p. 32‐46.
(5)Communication from the Commission ‘The European Green Deal’ of 11 December 2019, COM(2019) 640 final. https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_en .
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