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Parliamentary questions
PDF 38kWORD 9k
11 May 2020
Priority question for written answer
to the Commission
Rule 138
Petar Vitanov (S&D)
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: Specific market-available supply-side energy sources

The EU’s energy sector is set to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, but there is a lack of clarity surrounding what energy sources will be operational during the transition period and how our energy systems will be balanced and transformed. As for supply, the penetration of renewable energy sources will increase, although they require dispatchable sources of energy to balance peak and minimal demand points such as hydrogen technologies. Taking into consideration administrative, construction and integration times, hydrogen power sources will not be available to balance renewable sources for at least a decade. There are countries with climate specificities where hydrogen power has limited capacity to be used as a dispatchable source because of climate constraints.

Demand-side smart technology solutions are rising in popularity, but both demand-responsive industrial consumers and large-scale batteries are in their infancy in terms of mature balancing and dispatchable solutions.

What specific supply-side energy sources will be available on the market in terms of the technologies that will be permissible under the European Green Deal, InvestEU and the Just Transition Fund for the duration of the transition period towards a fully carbon-neutral economy?

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