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Parliamentary questions
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3 March 2021
Answer given by Mr Reynders
on behalf of the European Commission
Question reference: P-000347/2021

Regarding the first question, under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)(1), supervising the compliance of processing operations is a task for the national supervisory authorities (Article 55 GDPR).

In cases where data subjects in multiple Member States are affected, the supervisory authority of the Member State where the controller has its main establishment acts as the lead supervisory authority, cooperating with the other supervisory authorities concerned in the consistency mechanism (Articles 56, 60 GDPR).

Neither the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) nor the Commission have any enforcement powers vis-à-vis controllers — these are reserved to the national supervisory authorities.

As the EU main establishment of WhatsApp is located in Ireland, the Irish Data Protection Commission is the lead supervisory authority under the GDPR. It is investigating the matter. This can also include obtaining further clarifications by WhatsApp on when and how it may change its privacy terms.

The Irish Data Protection Commission as the lead supervisory authority keeps the other EDPB members, including the Commission, informed.

Regarding the second question, as explained, possible action would be taken by the Irish Data Protection Commission and will go through the consistency mechanism established under Chapter VII GDPR. This means among other things that draft decisions would be submitted to the other supervisory authorities concerned for their comments before adoption.

(1)OJ L 119 4.5.2016, p. 1.
Last updated: 3 March 2021Legal notice - Privacy policy