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Parliamentary questions
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10 May 2021
P-002484/2021
Priority question for written answer  P-002484/2021
to the Commission
Rule 138
Thomas Waitz (Verts/ALE), Andreas Schieder (S&D), Bettina Vollath (S&D), Franc Bogovič (PPE), Simone Schmiedtbauer (PPE), Maria Noichl (S&D), Anna Cavazzini (Verts/ALE), Herbert Dorfmann (PPE), Monika Vana (Verts/ALE), Yannick Jadot (Verts/ALE)
 Answer in writing 
 Subject: EU-Mercosur Association Agreement: next steps, sustainability assessment and climate protection

The EU-Mercosur Association Agreement and in particular its trade pillar and the accompanying sustainability assessment(1) has come in for sharp criticism from various Member State governments, the European Parliament, scientists and NGOs involved in climate protection and human rights. As HR/VP Borrell confirms, there remains a considerable lack of clarity concerning the content(2) and the procedure(3).

1. What proposal does the Commission intend to submit to the Council for approval, and when: an Association Agreement with a trade pillar, as originally envisaged in the brief (negotiating directives of 17 September 1999); only as a trade pillar, as agreed politically on 28 June 2019; or as a trade pillar with parts of the Association Agreement?

2. Under the agreement between the EU and the United Kingdom, climate protection is envisaged as a key issue(4) in all future trade agreements. What specific action will the Commission propose to ensure that the climate protection measures in the sustainability chapter are complied with by all parties to such agreements, and what monitoring and surveillance measures will be introduced to this end?

3. In a hearing of the INTA Committee on 25 February 2021(5), Véronique Lorenzo (EEAS) described a broad approach for the EU-Mercosur Agreement aimed at encompassing the transposition of the accompanying EU legislation on corporate due diligence and the containment and/or reversal of global deforestation caused by the EU(6). Will the signing of the EU-Mercosur Agreement wait until the adoption and entry into force of these two measures, and how will it be ensured that this legal framework is applicable to the EU-Mercosur Agreement?

(1)https://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2021/march/tradoc_159509.pdf
(2)https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/E-9-2020-006203-ASW_EN.html
(3)Latin America and the Caribbean: Speech by High Representative/Vice-President Josep Borrell at the EP debate – European External Action Service (europa.eu)
(4)https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DE/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:22020A1231(01)
(5)Committee on International Trade – Multimedia Centre (europa.eu)
(6)Texts adopted – Thursday, 22 October 2020 – Deforestation: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2020-0285_EN.html
Original language of question: DE
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