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Parliamentary questions
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13 September 2021
Priority question for written answer  P-004187/2021
to the Commission
Rule 138
Billy Kelleher (Renew)
 Subject: Court of Justice of the European Union ruling on wearing visible expressions of political, philosophical or religious beliefs in the workplace

On 15 July 2021, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a ruling in joined cases C-804/18 and C-341/19, WABE and MH Müller Handel.

It states that ‘a prohibition on wearing any visible form of expression of political, philosophical or religious beliefs in the workplace may be justified by the employer’s need to present a neutral image towards customers or to prevent social disputes’.

In addition, it says that ‘however, that justification must correspond to a genuine need on the part of the employer and, in reconciling the rights and interests at issue, the national courts may take into account the specific context of their Member State and, in particular, more favourable national provisions on the protection of freedom of religion’.

Is the Commission comfortable with the fact that this ruling may allow companies within the European Union to ban Muslim employees from wearing a headscarf (hijab) or Christian employees from wearing a crucifix under certain conditions?

Last updated: 14 September 2021Legal notice - Privacy policy