Answer given by High Representative/Vice-President Borrell i Fontelles on behalf of the European Commission
The EU and the Member States (MS) have been implementing a range of actions to counter information manipulation, including disinformation since the Council tasking to work on this issue in 2015.
On the Commission side, the Code of Practice on Disinformation enhances the transparency and accountability of online platforms, the proposed Digital Services Act aims to ensure that platforms become more accountable.
The European Digital Media Observatory was established to support independent fact-checkers and academic researchers, and as of 2022 a joint mechanism for electoral resilience is available for MS.
The EEAS Stratcom Division identifies and analyses foreign information manipulation and interference (FIMI), including disinformation, and responds i.e. through resilience building.
The EEAS also participates in the Global Coalition Against Da’esh meetings and shares best-practices and lessons learnt from campaigns and projects.
Exchanges with MS in the framework of the EEAS-managed Rapid Alert System (RAS) enable a common understanding and sharing of best practices to respond. Information on FIMI incidents is shared via the RAS, both by EU institutions and EU MS, including Sweden.
The EEAS further supports MS at their request in specific cases. As proposed in the EDAP and in the context of the Strategic Compass, work is currently ongoing to further strengthen the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy toolbox to counter FIMI.
Initiatives such as the upcoming Media Freedom Act will also address these threats further and contribute to the EU’s toolbox to counter threats stemming from FIMI.
-  JOIN (2018) 36 final
-  https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/new-push-european-democracy/european-democracy-action-plan_en
-  https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/policies/code-practice-disinformation
-  COM(2020) 825 final
-  https://eeas.europa.eu/topics/countering-disinformation/105460/tackling-disinformation-information-work-eeas-strategic-communication-division-and-its-task_en
-  https://eeas.europa.eu/sites/default/files/action_plan_against_disinformation.pdf