Answer given by Ms Johansson on behalf of the European Commission
As a result of the International Donors' Conference for the people of Türkiye and Syria affected by the earthquake, EUR 7 billion was pledged by the international community.
As part of this pledge, the European Commission will contribute with EUR 1 billion for people in Türkiye and EUR 108 million for people in Syria.
The EU humanitarian funding for Türkiye now amounts to EUR 78.2 million. So far EUR 29 million have been already contracted in EU humanitarian assistance to respond to the most urgent needs of this disaster.
The Temporary Protection Directive (TPD) provides for minimum standards of protection in the event of a mass influx of displaced persons and measures promoting a balance of efforts between Member States in receiving such persons and bearing the consequences thereof.
In Türkiye, as of 3 March 2023, more than 1.9 million people were evacuated from the 11 cities most affected and registered with different province and district governorships in Türkiye.
In Syria, as of 1 March 2023, an estimated 105 000 households are displaced due to the earthquake. These people present one part of the wider affected population, whose overall needs are substantial and urgent.
There is no indication currently that the earthquake triggered population movements that could be characterised as a mass influx of displaced persons to the European Union (Article 5 TPD), or that would likely overwhelm the capacities of the European Member States’ asylum systems (Article 2 TPD).
-  As of 21 March 2023, the EU has allocated over EUR 29 million in EU humanitarian assistance for this disaster. This includes around EUR 5.4 million from our partners’ re-allocation of funds within their ongoing projects, around EUR 20.6 million allocated under the Humanitarian Implementation Plan 2023, plus EUR 3 million launched under the Acute Large Emergency Response Tool (ALERT), and EUR 200 000 under the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF).
-  https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:32001L0055&from=EN
-  https://reliefweb.int/report/turkiye/turkiye-2023-earthquakes-situation-report-no-6-3-march-2023
-  https://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-republic/syrian-arab-republic-earthquakes-syria-situational-updates-1-march-2023