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Procedure : 2001/0021(CNS)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A5-0210/2001

Texts tabled :

A5-0210/2001

Debates :

Votes :

Texts adopted :

P5_TA(2001)0338

Texts adopted
Thursday, 14 June 2001 - Strasbourg
Protection of pigs *
P5_TA(2001)0338A5-0210/2001
Text
 Resolution

Proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 91/630/EEC laying down minimum standards for the protection of pigs (COM(2001) 20 - C5-0039/2001 - 2001/0021(CNS) )

The proposal was amended as follows:

Text proposed by the Commission(1)   Amendments by Parliament
Amendment 1
RECITAL 5 a (new)
(5a) The Commission should amend and supplement the Annex to Directive 91/630/EEC , as soon as possible and at the latest by 1 January 2002, so that:
   - tail docking is prohibited, except where necessary for veterinary reasons;
   - teeth clipping and filing are prohibited, except where necessary for veterinary reasons;
   - the castration of piglets is always to be carried out under anaesthetic by a veterinarian or by a person qualified in the field of castration.
   - a minimum level of light intensity is guaranteed for intensively kept pigs
Amendment 2
RECITAL 6
   (6) A balance must be kept between the various aspects to be taken into consideration, as regard both welfare and health, economic and social considerations, and also environmental impact.
   (6) A balance must be kept between the various aspects to be taken into consideration, as regards both welfare and health, economic and social considerations, and also environmental impact. Among these aspects, particular account must be taken of the Union's regions because they have a decisive bearing on animal behaviour, production systems, and profitability.
Amendment 3
RECITAL 6 a (new)
(6a) Further attention should be paid to the conditions under which pigmeat imported into the European Union from third countries is produced. This issue should be raised with the European Union's partners in the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
Amendment 4
RECITAL 6 b (new)
(6b) Member States should safeguard this sector by concentrating funding so that the major investments which are to be expected can be implemented.
Amendment 5
RECITAL 7
   (7) It is appropriate for the Commission to submit a new report taking into account further research and practical experience in order to improve further the welfare of pigs, in particular as regards aspects not covered by Directive 91/630/EEC .
   (7) The Commission should to submit, by 1 January 2004 at the latest, a new report taking into account further research and practical experience in order to improve further the welfare of pigs, in particular as regards aspects not covered by Directive 91/630/EEC .
Amendment 6
RECITAL 7 a (new)
(7a) All amendments to Directive 91/630/EEC adopted by the Council should be introduced in all candidate countries according to the same timetable demanded of Member States in order to avoid distortion of competition .
Amendment 7
RECITAL 7 b (new)
(7b) The scientific justification for laying down new conditions is based on the situations obtaining in the northern European countries. If it is to be complete and objective, it must be broadened to encompass data reflecting the geographical reality of the southern countries.
Amendment 8
RECITAL 8 a (new)
(8a) Since certain provisions which are required to enable Directive 91/630/EEC to be implemented may bring about significant changes affecting the viability and the competitiveness of farms, amendment of the Annexes to that Directive must be in accordance with Article 37 of the Treaty.
Amendment 9
RECITAL 8 b (new)
(8b) The Commission should submit proposals for common rules on labelling of pigmeat which producers may use if the requirements set out in this Directive are met.
Amendment 10
RECITAL 8 c (new)
(8c) The Commission should submit proposals for common rules on the keeping of pigs outdoors.
Amendment 11
ARTICLE 1, POINT -1
Article 3, point 1 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   - 1. Article 3, paragraph 1 is amended as follows:
"1. From 1 January 2006, all holdings newly built or rebuilt and/or brought into use for the first time after that date shall comply with at least the following requirement:
the unobstructed floor area available to each weaner or rearing pig reared in a group must be at least:
   - 0,20 m2 for a pig of an average weight of 10 kg or less,
   - 0,30 m2 for a pig of an average weight between 10 and 20 kg,
   - 0,40 m2 for a pig of an average weight between 20 and 30 kg,
   - 0,60 m2 for a pig of an average weight between 30 and 50 kg,
   - 0,80 m2 for a pig of an average weight between 50 and 85 kg,
   - 1,0 m2 for a pig of an average weight between 85 and 110 kg,
   - 1,3 m2 for a pig of an average weight of more than 110 kg;
from 1. January 2012, the minimum standards provided for above shall apply to all holdings.”
Amendment 13
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 2 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   2. Flooring surfaces must comply with the following requirements :
   2. Flooring surfaces must comply with the following requirements :
Weaners/rearing pigs: A part of the total floor at least 1/3 of the minimum space requirements for each animal must be of continuous solid floor area no more than 10% of which is comprised of drainage . When concrete floors are used, the minimum slat width must be 75 mm and the maximum slot width 25 mm.
Weaners/rearing pigs: A part of the total floor at least 1/3 of the minimum space requirements for each animal must be of continuous solid floor area which supports the foot and is non-slip, of which the open area of drained floor must not comprise more than 10 % . When concrete floors are used, the minimum slat width must be 75 mm and the maximum slot width 25 mm.
Dry pregnant sows and gilts: the area of continuous solid floor area, no more than 10% of which is comprised of drainage must be at least:
Dry pregnant sows and gilts: the area of continuous solid floor area, which supports the foot and is non-slip, of which the open area of drained floor must not comprise more than 10 % must be at least:
   - 1, 3 m2 per dry pregnant sow;
   - 1, 3 m2 per dry pregnant sow;
   - 0,95 m2 per gilt.
   - 0,95 m2 per gilt.
When concrete slatted floors are used the minimum slat must be 80 mm and the maximum slot width 30 mm.
When concrete slatted floors are used the minimum slat must be 80 mm and the maximum slot width 25 mm.
Amendment 15
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 3 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   3. The construction or conversion of installations in which sows and gilts are tethered is prohibited. From 1 January 2006 the use of tethers for sows and gilts shall be prohibited.
   3. The construction or conversion of installations in which sows and gilts are tethered is prohibited. From 1 January 2006 the use of tethers for sows and gilts shall be totally prohibited.
Amendment 16
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 3a (new) (Directive 91/630/EEC )
3a. Boar pens shall be situated and constructed such that the boar can turn round and hear, smell and see other pigs. The lying area shall be dry and comfortable. The minimum size of the pen for a mature boar shall be 6m2 . From 1 January 2005 a pen shall have a surface which supports the foot and is non-slip of at least 10 m2 if it is also used for natural service.
Amendment 17
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 4 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   4. No sows or gilts shall be confined in an individual pen during a period starting from 4 weeks after the service to 7 days before the expected time of farrowing. Exeptionally individuals which are particular aggressors, which have been attacked by other sows or which are sick or injured, may temporarily be kept in individual pens. No individual pen for a dry pregnant sow shall be used which does not allow the sow to turn around easily.
   4. No sows or gilts shall be confined in an individual pen during a period starting from 7 days after the service to 7 days before the expected time of farrowing. When a sow or gilt is confined in an individual pen for any part of the first 7 days after service, the pen shall be large enough to allow the animal to turn around easily. Exeptionally individuals which are particular aggressors, which have been attacked by other sows or which are sick or injured, may temporarily be kept in individual pens. No individual pen for a dry pregnant sow shall be used which does not allow the sow to turn around easily.
Amendment 18
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 5, indent 1 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   - Housing facilities for dry pregnant sows and gilts must include communal lying areas, in addition to the dunging area and any feeding stalls or boxes, of at least 1,3 m² per sow (0,95 m² for gilts) of unobstructed floor area;
   - Housing facilities for dry pregnant sows and gilts must include access to an area which is large enough and at the appropriate temperature and will enable all animals to lie down at the same time with an area of at least 1,3 m² per sow (0,95 m² for gilts) of unobstructed floor area;
Amendment 19
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 5, indent 3 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   - All sows must have permanent access to soil for rooting or to manipulable material at least complying with the relevant requirements of the Annex;
   - All sows must always be able to manipulate feed and additional moveable or variable materials;
Amendment 20
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 5, indent 3 a (new) (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   - stalls, pens, equipment and instruments for pig keeping must be cleaned and disinfected regularly and in accordance with the regulations.
Amendment 21
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 5, indent 4 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   - Sows in groups must be fed using a system which ensures that each individual can obtain sufficient food without being attacked, even when competitors for the food are present;
   - Sows must be fed using a system which ensures that each individual can obtain sufficient food without being attacked, even when competitors for the food are present;
Amendment 22
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 5, indent 4a (new) (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   - Pens for piglets over 20 kg and for rearing pigs must have installed in them an overhead spray or similar device, to be used for regulating the animals' body temperature.
Amendment 23
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 5, indent 5 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   - All sows must be given high fibre food as well as high-energy food in order to reduce hunger as well as to provide for the need to chew. The high-energy food can be fed once per day in a single meal but high fibre food must be available for longer periods.
   - In addition to high-energy food sows must - in line with the principles of nutrition appropriate to need - be given food to reduce hunger as well as to provide for the need to chew.
Amendment 24
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 5, indent 5a (new) (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   - Pregnant sows and gilts must have access to straw or other material capable of imparting a feeling of satiety and satisfying their need for material in which to root.
Amendment 25
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1
Article 3, point 6 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   6. From 1 January 2002 points 2 and 4 shall apply to all holdings newly built or rebuilt or brought into use for the first time after that date. From 1 January 2012 those points shall apply to all holdings.
   6. From 1 January 2003 points 2 and 4 shall apply to all holdings newly built or rebuilt or brought into use for the first time after that date. From 1 January 2012 those points shall apply to all holdings.
The first to the fourth indents of point 5 shall not apply to holdings with fewer than ten dry pregnant sows.
Amendment 26
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1 a (new)
Article 4a (new) (Directive 91/630/EEC )
1a. The following Article 4a is inserted:
“Article 4a
From 1 July 2006 the tail docking of pigs is prohibited except where a veterinarian certifies that tail docking is the most effective way to deal with a particular outbreak of tail-biting and that the outbreak cannot be addressed by isolating the aggressors. In this circumstance tail docking may be carried out provided that:
   - the docking is performed under anaesthetic and additional prolonged analgesia by a veterinarian, and
   - as soon as practicable after docking, the farmer adopts improved conditions and management designed to prevent future outbreaks of tail-biting. The necessary improvements in conditions and management must be discussed and agreed with the competent national authority.”
Amendment 27
ARTICLE 1, POINT 1b (new)
Article 5 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
1b. Article 5 is replaced by the following:
“Article 5
The provisions of the Annex may be amended in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 10, in order to take account of scientific progress and of experiments conducted on samples of farms which are representative of all the EU countries. However, if the new provisions of the Annex substantially amend the content of the Directive and/or have a significant impact on the economic balance of farms or the way in which their work is organised, the planned amendments to the rules must be based on Article 37 of the Treaty”
Amendment 28
ARTICLE 1, POINT 2
Article 5a, paragraph 1 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   1. Any person attending to the animals has received instructions and guidance on the provisions of Articles 1, 2 and 3 of the Annex to the Directive and understands those provisions.
   1. Any person attending to the animals shall have received instructions and guidance at a training course approved by the competent authority on the provisions of Articles 1, 2 and 3 and of the Annex to the Directive and on how properly to handle and, where necessary, care for pigs. Alternatively, instead of attending a training course, a person may rely on previous practical experience provided that before 1 July 2003 his understanding of the above provisions and his competence to handle and care for pigs has been assessed as satisfactory by an independent assessor approved by the competent authority.
Amendment 29
ARTICLE 1, POINT 2
Article 5a, paragraph 2 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
   2. Member States shall ensure that appropriate training courses are available. In particular such training courses must focus on welfare aspects.
   2. Member States shall ensure that appropriate training courses by competent training bodies are available for stockmen and vets . In particular such training courses must focus on welfare aspects. The three year agricultural training course shall also satisfy the aims of such courses .”
Amendment 30
ARTICLE 1, POINT 2
Article 5a, paragraph 2a (new) (Directive 91/630/EEC )
2a. Pig producers or farm managers must hold a certificate of completion of practical and theoretical training approved by the competent authority as a condition for taking over or managing a pig production unit.
Amendment 31
ARTICLE 1, POINT 3
Article 6 (Directive 91/630/EEC )
Not later than 1 January 2008 the Commission shall submit to the Council a report, drawn up on the basis of an opinion from the Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Welfare Committee.
Not later than 1 January 2004 the Commission shall submit to the Council a report, drawn up on the basis of an opinion from the Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Welfare Committee and taking into account the varying geographical situations of pig farms in the European Union.
The report shall cover in particular
The report shall cover in particular
   1. the effects of stocking density in different farming systems on welfare including health of pigs,
   1. the effects of stocking density in different farming systems and places on welfare including health of pigs,
1a. rules on the keeping of pigs outdoor,
1b specific temperature requirements for pigs in different climatic conditions
1c. a comparison, concerning the environmental and animal welfare impact, of the use of slatted floors and the use of straw,
   2. further developments of group-housing systems for pregnant sows,
   2. further developments of group-housing systems for pregnant sows,
   3. the determination of space requirements for individually-housed adult breeding boar,
   3. the determination of space requirements for individually-housed adult breeding boar,
   4. further developments of loose-house systems for sows in the service area and for farrowing sows, which meet the needs of the sow without compromising piglet survival,
   4. further developments of loose-house systems for sows in the service area and for farrowing sows, which meet the needs of the sow without compromising piglet survival,
   5. the development of techniques that will reduce the need to resort to surgical castration,
   5. the development of production methods that will reduce the need to resort to surgical castration,
   6. consumer's attitutes and behavior towards pig meat in the event of no improvement or only minor improvement being achieved in the welfare of the animals.
   6. consumer's attitutes and behavior towards pig meat in the event of no improvement or only minor improvement being achieved in the welfare of the animals,
6a. market research for the purpose of analysing whether or not the market takes into account the extra cost generated by animal welfare measures,
6b. an exhaustive study of the economic impact of the measures laid down in this Directive as a whole,
The report may if necessary be accompanied by appropriate legislative proposals.
The report may if necessary be accompanied by appropriate legislative proposals.
Amendment 32
ARTICLE 1, POINT 3 a (new)
Article 7, paragraph 3a (new) (Directive 91/630/EEC )
3a. The following pargraph is added to Article 7:
“3a. The Commission shall, no later than 1 January 2002, draw up a report for the European Parliament and the Council on compliance with the provisions of this Directive and the Annex, and on the checks carried out.”
Amendment 33
ARTICLE 1, POINT 4
Article 10, paragraph 3 a (new) (Directive 91/630/EEC )
3a. If new provisions of the Annex substantially amend the content of the Directive and/or have a significant impact on the economic balance of holdings or the way in which their work is organised, the planned amendments to the rules must be decided upon in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 37 of the Treaty.

(1) OJ C 154 E, 29.5.2001, p. 114.


European Parliament legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council directive on Directive 91/630/EEC laying down minimum standards for the protection of pigs (COM(2001) 20 - C5-0039/2001 - 2001/0021(CNS) )

(Consultation procedure)

The European Parliament,

-  having regard to the Commission proposal to the Council (COM(2001) 20 )(1) ,

-  having been consulted by the Council pursuant to Article 37 of the EC Treaty(C5-0039/2001 ),

-  having regard to Rule 67 of its Rules of Procedure,

-  having regard to the report of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development and the opinion of the Committee on Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Policy (A5-0210/2001 ),

1.  Approves the Commission proposal as amended;

2.  Calls on the Commission to alter its proposal accordingly, pursuant to Article 250(2) of the EC Treaty;

3.  Calls on the Council to notify Parliament should it intend to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

4.  Asks to be consulted again if the Council intends to amend the Commission proposal substantially;

5.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and Commission.

(1) OJ C 154 E, 29.5.2001, p. 114.

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