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Procedure : 2016/2011(INI)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0299/2016

Texts tabled :

A8-0299/2016

Debates :

Votes :

PV 01/12/2016 - 6.26
CRE 01/12/2016 - 6.26
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2016)0481

Texts adopted
PDF 165kWORD 45k
Thursday, 1 December 2016 - Brussels Final edition
Application of the European Order for Payment Procedure
P8_TA(2016)0481A8-0299/2016

European Parliament resolution of 1 December 2016 on the application of the European Order for Payment Procedure (2016/2011(INI))

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission’s Green Paper on a European order for payment procedure and on measures to simplify and speed up small claims litigation (COM(2002)0746),

–  having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 creating a European order for payment procedure(1),

–  having regard to Commission Regulation (EU) No 936/2012 of 4 October 2012 on amending the Annexes to Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council creating a European order for payment procedure(2),

–  having regard to the Commission report on the application of Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council creating a European Order for Payment Procedure (COM(2015)0495),

–  having regard to the European Implementation Assessment on the European Order for Payment Procedure carried out by the European Parliamentary Research Service,

–  having regard to Rule 52 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Legal Affairs (A8-0299/2016),

A.  whereas the Commission has submitted its report reviewing the operation of the European Order for Payment Procedure in accordance with Article 32 of Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006;

B.  whereas the report is almost two years late and does not include an extended and up-to-date impact assessment for each Member State as required, considering the different legal provisions in all Member States and their interoperability, but only an incomplete statistical table with information dating predominantly from 2012; whereas the European Order for Payment is an optional procedure that can be used in cross-border cases as an alternative to domestic payment orders;

C.  whereas this procedure was created to enable the rapid, facilitated and inexpensive recovery of sums arising from debts that are certain, of a fixed amount and due, and uncontested by the defendant; and whereas the operation of this procedure seems largely satisfactory according to statistics, but the procedure is working greatly below its full potential, as it is mainly used in Member States whose legislation includes a similar national procedure;

D.  whereas the European Order for Payment Procedure falls into the category of measures in the field of judicial cooperation in civil matters having cross-border implications and needed for the functioning of the internal market;

E.  whereas late payments are a key cause of insolvency, which threatens the survival of businesses – and in particular of small and medium-sized enterprises – and results in numerous job losses;

F.  whereas concrete measures, including targeted awareness campaigns, should be taken to inform citizens, businesses, legal professionals and other relevant parties of the availability, functioning, application and advantages of the procedure;

G.  whereas, in certain Member States in which the European Order for Payment Procedure is not applied in conformity with the current regulation, orders should be issued more quickly, and in any case the 30-day deadline set by the regulation should be respected, bearing in mind that orders can only be enforced where claims are uncontested;

H.  whereas the development of the e-Codex system to allow the online submission of applications is to be encouraged, through further measures targeting the more efficient use of the procedure;

I.  whereas more Member States should follow the example of France, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus and Sweden and allow claimants to submit their applications in additional languages and in general to take support measures in order to minimise error-margins resulting from the use of a foreign language;

J.  whereas the streamlined nature of the procedure does not mean that it can be misused to enforce unfair contractual terms, since Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006 calls on the court to examine whether the claim is founded on the basis of the information available to it, thus ensuring compatibility with the relevant case law of the Court of Justice on this subject; whereas, moreover, all relevant parties should be informed about rights and procedures;

K.  whereas the standard forms need revising and future periodic review in order to update the list of Member States and currencies, and to make better provisions for the payment of interest on claims, including an appropriate description of the interest to be recovered;

L.  whereas the Commission should consider proposing the revision of the provisions on the scope of the procedure and on the exceptional review of orders;

1.  Welcomes the successful operation in all the Member States of the European Order for Payment Procedure, a procedure applicable in civil and commercial matters relating to uncontested claims whose main objective is to simplify and speed up the procedure for the cross-border recognition and enforcement of creditors’ rights in the EU;

2.  Deplores the significant delay of almost two years in the submission of the Commission’s report reviewing the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006;

3.  Regrets the lack of an extended impact assessment for each Member State in the Commission’s report, as required by Article 32 of Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006; deplores the lack of up-to-date data in this report on the situation in the Member States with regard to the functioning and implementation of the European Order for Payment Procedure; calls on the Commission therefore to produce an extended, updated and detailed impact assessment;

4.  Regrets, likewise, that use of the European Order for Payment Procedure varies significantly between Member States; stresses in this connection that, despite the simplified modern procedure offered by EU legislation, the differences in implementation in the Member States and the desirability of choosing national legislation rather than the European Order for Payment Procedure are failing to maximise the results of the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006, and European citizens are consequently unable to exercise their rights at cross-border level, posing a risk of a decline in confidence in EU legislation;

5.  Points out that members of the public use the procedure most often, and are best informed about it, in Member States with similar instruments at national level;

6.  Considers that practical steps need to be taken to further inform citizens, businesses, legal professionals and all other relevant parties of the availability, functioning, application and advantages of the European Order for Payment Procedure in cross-border cases; stresses, further, that assistance is needed for members of the public and in particular for small and medium-sized enterprises to improve their use, understanding and knowledge of existing legal instruments with a view to the enforcement of claims at cross-border level under the relevant EU legislation;

7.  Stresses the need for Member States to provide the Commission with accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date data for effective monitoring and evaluation purposes;

8.  Encourages the Member States to strive to issue orders within 30 days, and to accept applications in foreign languages where possible, taking into consideration that translation requirements have a negative impact on costs and processing times in respect of the procedure;

9.  Fully supports the work being done to allow, in the future, the electronic submission of applications for a European Order for Payment; calls therefore on the Commission, in this connection, to encourage use of the е-CODEX pilot project and to extend it to all Member States, following a Commission study that was conducted regarding the feasibility of electronic applications for European Orders for Payment;

10.  Calls on the Commission to adopt updated standard forms as required, in order to make better provision, inter alia, for an appropriate description of the interest to be paid on claims;

11.  Considers that a future review of the regulation should look at removing certain exceptions to the scope of the procedure and at revising the provisions on the review of European Orders for Payment;

12.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council and the Commission, and to the parliaments and governments of the Member States.

(1) OJ L 399, 30.12.2006, p. 1.
(2) OJ L 283, 16.10.2012, p. 1.

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