- Act concerning the election of the representatives of the European
Parliament by direct universal suffrage (1976).
- Council decision of 25 June 2002 and 23 September 2002.
- Law No 77-729 of 7 July 1977 as recently amended by Law No 2003-327 of 11
- Decree No 79-160 of 28 February 1979 currently being amended to take
account of the law of 11 April 2003.
The law has stipulated eight constituencies for the European election:
- for metropolitan France, complete regions have been grouped into
- for the Overseas Territories, one constituency covers all the departments,
territories and communities.
|The 78 seats which France will have in the
European Parliament have not yet been officially allocated among the
constituencies. The new quota of seats will not come into force in
French law until 1 May 2004, following ratification by all the Member States
and accession countries of the Accession Treaty. The law states that allocation
among the constituencies of the 78 seats for France's representatives will be
by decree, but lays down the rule governing this allocation: the seats must be
allocated between the constituencies in proportion to their population, using
the largest remainder rule.
Allocation of seats and number of candidates assuming that France has 78
representatives in the European Parliament.
NUMBER OF SEATS
LOIRE, MASSIF CENTRAL
Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon,Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane
La Réunion, Mayotte
Nouvelle Calédonie, Polynésie française, Wallis-et-Futuna
NB : The number of candidates per constituency is double the number of seats
to be filled in the constituency.
|§ List system of voting for each constituency (8
constituencies) by proportional representation, with closed lists and
no preferential voting.
Allocation of seats: rule of the highest
average. Lists which do not obtain 5 % of the votes cast in the constituency
will not be allocated any seats.
|Registration of candidates opens on
Monday 17 May 2004 and closes on Friday 28 May 2004.
Lists of candidates are to be lodged with
the Interior Ministry. They must have twice as many candidates as there are
seats to be filled, in each constituency. (This is to prevent the list being
used up if there are too many vacancies, as there is no possibility of holding
|In application of the rules on parity,
lists must be made up of men and women alternately (Law of 6 June 2000).
Incompatibilities: rules on incompatibility are laid down
(a) Under the provisions of the Act concerning the election of the
representatives of the European Parliament by direct universal suffrage
(20.09.1976) and the Council Decision of 25 June 2002 and 23 September 2002,
the following offices are incompatible with the office of MEP:
- President of the Republic
- member of the government of a Member State
- member, senator or deputy in a national Parliament
- member of the European Commission
- Judge, Advocate-General or Registrar of the Court of Justice or Court of
First Instance of the European Union
- European Community Ombudsman
- member of the European Court of Auditors
- member of the European Investment Bank
- member of the Board of Directors of the European Central Bank
- active official or other servant of the European institutions or of the
specialised bodies attached to them or of the ECB.
(b) Under Laws 77-729 of 7 July 1977 as amended by Law 2003-327 of 11 April
2003, the following offices are incompatible:
- member of the Council on Monetary Policy of the Bank of France
- magistrate or judge in the commercial courts
- member of the Economic and Social Council
- member of the Constitutional Council.
(c) The mandate of MEP is incompatible with more than one of the following
- regional councillor, councillor in the Corsican Assembly, general
councillor, Paris councillor, municipal councillor in a local authority with
3500 or more inhabitants.
|Polling stations will be open from 8.00
to 18.00 (or 20.00). The closing time will be 18.00 or 20.00 by order of the
|Counting of votes: Vote-counting will
start as soon as the polling stations close, either18.00 or 20.00.
|Provisional results and publication:
The Council Decision of 25 June 2002 and 23 September 2002 provides that
'Member States may not officially make public the results of their count until
after the close of polling in the Member State whose electors are the last to
|Final results: Monday at 12 noon.
|Registration on electoral rolls
- French nationals and nationals of the other 14 EU Member
States: 31 December 2003.
- ationals of the 10 accession countries: 15 April
They will not actually be Community nationals until the Accession Treaty
comes into force on 1 May 2004, which is after applications for registration on
electoral rolls have closed. However, exceptional legislative provisions will
shortly be adopted to allow them to be included on the electoral rolls after 1
May 2004. They will be authorised to apply for registration on the electoral
roll up to 15 April 2004.
|Right to vote: All EU citizens aged 18
and over who are domiciled or long-term resident in France and have full voting
rights in their country of origin are entitled to vote. Voting is not
compulsory in France.
Arrangements for voting:
- French nationals living outside France may vote by travelling to France or
by proxy; they cannot now vote in the consulates.
- Overseas Territories: although they are not part of the EU but covered by
association agreement, their inhabitants will take part in the election under
the principle of the French law of indivisibility of the Republic.
|Eligibility: All citizens of EU Member
States aged 23 or over who are domiciled or long-term resident in France and
are fully entitled to stand as candidates in their country of origin are
eligible to stand.
- Reimbursement of election advertising: Lists of candidates
obtaining at least 3% of the votes will be reimbursed the cost of their
advertising: the cost of paper, printing the list of candidates' names,
posters, leaflets and fees for poster sites.
- Reimbursement of other election expenditure: Election
expenditure other than advertising incurred by lists obtaining at least 3% of
the votes will be reimbursed by the State up to a maximum of 50% of the ceiling
for authorised election expenditure. This ceiling for electoral expenditure is
set at € 1 150 000 for each list of candidates.
|Official campaign starting date: 31 May
2004, i.e. the second Monday before polling day.
- Parties must send in an application to participate in the audiovisual
campaign by Tuesday 11 May 2004.
- The list of parties applying to participate in the audiovisual campaign
will be published on Friday 14 May 2004.
TV and radio:
- Two hours of television and two hours of radio for parties and groups
represented by parliamentary groups in the National Assembly or Senate;
- one hour of television and one hour of radio divided among the other
parties and groups which have lists of candidates in at least five
constituencies and have applied to use public service broadcasts before the
fifth Tuesday before polling day (19 May 2004).
|Opinion polls: Disseminating,
publishing and commenting on opinion polls is prohibited on the day before
polling day and the day itself.