Eastern Partnership Summits

Since 2009, the heads of state or government of the Eastern Partner countries and the EU Member States have gathered every two years for joint summits. There the leaders review progress and discuss their next steps.

For the last three summits - in 2013, 2015 and 2017 - the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly has addressed a message to the summit's participants. These messages, written shortly before the summit, are signed by Euronest's Bureau - its co-presidents and vice-presidents.

Fifth Eastern Partnership Summit: 24 November 2017

Photo of the roundtable with participants in the main meeting room in the European Council
© European Union (2017) - European Council
Brussels (Belgium)

"The Summit participants reaffirm the importance for the Eastern Partnership of inclusive engagement of all parts of society. They are committed to strengthening equality between men and women, and promote empowerment of women, as provided for by the EU Gender Action Plan. Engagement with civil society, including through the EaP Civil Society Forum, and broadened outreach and targeted support to grassroots civil society organisations and social partners, remains an integral part of this Partnership as highlighted by the Eastern Partnership Civil Society Conference in October 2017 in Tallinn. They welcome the role played by local and regional authorities through the Conference of Regional and Local Authorities for the EaP (CORLEAP) in advancing the objectives of the Partnership at the level of governance that is closest to the people.The Summit participants encourage closer inter-parliamentary cooperation, dialogue and promotion of exchanges within the EURONEST Parliamentary Assembly, acknowledging in this context the establishment by its Bureau of the 'Association Agreements ad hoc Working Group' [...]"
  • - On the occasion of the Fifth Eastern Partnership Summit to be held on 24 November 2017 in Brussels, Belgium;
    - Addresses the following message to the Heads of State and Government, in accordance with Article 18 of the Rules of Procedure of the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly.

    1. We, Members of the Bureau of the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly (Euronest PA), representing our Delegations from the European Parliament and from the Parliaments of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine, reaffirm our strong commitment to the respect of all values at the core of the Eastern Partnership, namely democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rule of law and good governance, all of which need to be upheld and strengthened, in the interest of the citizens that we represent. We also recall the principles of differentiation, joint ownership and shared responsibility on which our Assembly was constituted in 2011, as well as our common history and our common European heritage which form the foundation of our vision of an indivisible Europe.
    2. We commit to increasing our parliamentary input towards and scrutiny of the Eastern Partnership policy especially as regards the impact of the policy on citizens' lives; as the parliamentary dimension of the Eastern Partnership, we will work to contribute political orientation and solutions to existing challenges as well as to effectively scrutinise our governments and the European Commission / EEAS notably in terms of the negotiation and implementation of new agreements; as parliamentarians, we are accountable to our citizens, aware of our duties and responsibilities, together with the executives from our respective countries, to deliver on this message.
    3. We call upon the Summit to set a clear political vision for the future of the Eastern Partnership, based on the core values of democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rule of law and good governance. As regards the rule of law, we recognise the high expectations of our citizens to ensure strong and efficient democratic institutions and see corruption, organised crime and abusive oligarchic control eradicated. Thus we recognise the achievements made so far and we commit ourselves to the full implementation of reforms related to the judiciary, the public administration and the banking and financial sector, as well as to the strengthening of civil society and media pluralism, both of which require particular attention.
    4. We emphasise the importance of democratic pluralism and, notwithstanding the sovereign right of every state to choose its own electoral system, we encourage the implementation of all electoral reforms that are in line with international standards and with the recommendations by the OSCE/ODHIR and Council of Europe's Venice Commission, and that are subject to a transparent process, broad consultation, including between ruling and opposition parties as well as with civil society.
    5. We welcome the major achievements since the last Eastern Partnership Summit. The conclusion and entry into force of three Association Agreements (AA) including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, as well as visa-free regimes with Georgia and Ukraine are key milestones which now need to be confirmed through full implementation. The conclusion of negotiations on a Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (CEPA) with Armenia and its upcoming signing announce the deepening of EU-Armenian relations and demonstrate that membership of the Eurasian Economic Union and participation in the EU's Neighbourhood Policy are not incompatible. The launching of negotiations on a new comprehensive agreement with Azerbaijan demonstrates that the Eastern Partnership is effective whilst maintaining the necessary emphasis on the policy's core values. We are convinced that the continuation of the "critical engagement" policy with Belarus is vital for the inclusiveness of the Eastern Partnership and look forward to welcoming Belarus to the Euronest PA as soon as the membership principles laid down in the Constituent Act of our Assembly are fulfilled. At the same time, we stress that EU support should be tailor-made to match the level of shared ambition regarding cooperation with each partner following the principles of both 'more for more' and 'less for less'.
    6. We call on the Summit to provide additional opportunities to deepen the associated partners' relations with the EU, for those that have made substantial progress in implementing AA/DCFTA-related reforms, in line with the 'EaP+' model under consideration by the European Parliament, as well as to establish a trust fund for Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova which would focus on private and public investments in social and economic infrastructure. These opportunities should include immediate measures such as additional unilateral tariff preferences, the abolition of roaming tariffs between the partners and the EU and the development of high-capacity broadband. Moreover, longer-term objectives should also be considered such as joining the customs union, the energy union and the digital union, association to the Schengen area, integration into EU transport networks, industrial partnerships, increased participation in other EU programmes and agencies and further cooperation in the field of the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).
    7. We acknowledge the European aspirations of some of the partner countries and recognise that such prospects will depend on significant reforms being implemented as, pursuant to Article 49 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), any European state may apply to become a member of the European Union, provided it adheres to the Copenhagen criteria and in particular the core values of democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rule of law and good governance.
    8. We stress once more that the Eastern Partnership should deliver tangible results for citizens in all partner countries notably in terms of education, employment, mobility opportunities and connectivity infrastructure. In this regard, we call on the EU to provide the necessary support, including through the 'Eastern Partnership - focusing on key priorities and deliverables, 20 deliverables for 2020' as an important guide to the future work of the EU and the six partner countries. In this regard, we call on the EU to provide this necessary support through a new Association Instrument to better reflect the ambitions of the Association Agreements. We also call on the EU to ensure that the use of all funds is strictly scrutinised in order to avoid any misuse and that they are given the necessary visibility. We also underline the necessity to strengthen civil society in the partner countries and its role within the Eastern Partnership by uncompromisingly opposing all legislation that seeks to curtail its legitimate activities and by encouraging its deeper involvement in public life.
    9. As regards mobility, we call on the EU to support Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine in the continued implementation of the Visa Liberalisation Action Plans to order to improve people-to-people contacts, notably through close cooperation in the areas of police and customs to safeguard against security threats, criminality and overstays. We also call for the launching of visa liberalisation dialogues with Armenia, Azerbaijan as well as with Belarus, should it achieve the required significant progress in the area of fundamental values.
    10. We call on the Summit to provide a renewed impetus on boosting sustainable economic growth, trade and investment opportunities, including intra-regional opportunities, with a particular focus on small and medium enterprises (SMEs). We stress in particular the need for structural reforms, notably those allowing for improved competitiveness and a more favourable business environment. We also call for adequate access to sources of financing, notably for SMEs and the development of the necessary transport and connectivity infrastructure, including through an ambitious investment plan for the TEN-T core network.
    11. We remain deeply concerned that the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the EU's Eastern partners remain undermined by unresolved conflicts, most of which were initiated and are still actively sustained by the Russian Federation in contradiction with its international commitments to uphold the international legal order, notably as a permanent member of the UN Security Council. We maintain that it is the partners' sovereign right to identify their own foreign policy priorities and choose the level of ambition for their relations with the EU.
    12. We therefore call on the Summit to also address security threats and to find viable solutions to unresolved conflicts in the Eastern Partnership region, in accordance with the fundamental principles of international law and with the support of current - and if necessary additional - EU-led mediation and peacekeeping efforts. In particular, we call for the full and genuine implementation of the Minsk arrangements in Eastern Ukraine and of the 1999 Istanbul OSCE decision as regards the Republic of Moldova, for tangible results in the Geneva International Discussions and a full implementation by Russia of the 12 August 2008 Ceasefire Agreement in Georgia's occupied territories of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia, as well as for a breakthrough in the 5+2 negotiations on Transnistria. We further adhere to the EU's non-recognition policy of the illegal annexation of the Crimean Peninsula. Finally, we call for an immediate end to military hostilities between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces which already claimed too many lives and call on both sides, in the interest of all their citizens, to solve the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict which does not have a military solution, through a re-launch of substantive negotiations in good faith and genuine confidence-building measures and dialogue. We reaffirm our full support to the mediation efforts by the co-chairs of the Minsk Group, including at the level of Presidents, based on the 2009 OSCE Basic Principles, in line with the Helsinki Final Act.
    13. We emphasise the importance to improve energy independence and efficiency, particularly through a diversification of energy sources, including renewable energy and a reduction of our dependence on fossil fuels. We call on the Summit to commit to specific investments in that regard and to ensure that future energy projects do not undermine regional energy security and, for nuclear power plants, that these fully respect international nuclear safety and environmental protection agreements and obligations.
    14. We call on the Summit to attach particular importance to improving communication of the Eastern Partnership, notably as regards the goals of the policy and its concrete benefits for citizens and to reflect on ways to more effectively target disinformation and fake news, in all languages of the partner countries.
    15. We note that the Eastern Partnership has proven instrumental in uniting our countries in a joint expression of shared values and a unique mechanism for pursuing our common goals of promoting stability, supporting democratic reforms, enhancing people-to-people contacts and boosting trade as well as delivering concrete benefits for our peoples. We must continue to promote the Eastern Partnership as a necessary policy whilst voicing ambitious expectations for the future, in order to ensure it delivers tangible results for our citizens and helps all partners to uphold our common values and ensure growth and prosperity.

Fourth Eastern Partnership Summit: 21-22 May 2015

Family photo of the participants at the Eastern Partnership Summit in Riga
© European Union, 2015
Riga (Latvia)

"The participants of the Riga summit reconfirm the high importance they attach to the Eastern Partnership as a specific dimension of the European Neighbourhood Policy. They reaffirm their shared vision of this strategic and ambitious Partnership as one based on mutual interests and commitments and supporting sustained reform processes in the Eastern European partner countries, States participating in the Eastern Partnership. Summit participants recommit themselves to strengthen democracy, rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the principles and norms of international law, which are and have been at the heart of this Partnership since it was launched as a common endeavour of the Member States of the European Union and their Eastern European partners.[...]

"The Summit participants underline that strengthening democracy and enabling functioning market economies, improving macroeconomic stability and the business environment, as well as enhancing interconnectivity, mobility and people-to-people contacts open new prospects for cooperation, contributing also to trade, growth and competitiveness. This serves the shared commitment to stability, security and prosperity of the European Union, Eastern European partners and our entire continent."

-From the Joint Declaration of the Riga Eastern Partnership Summit
  • Photo of participants
    © European Union (2015) - European Parliament

    Issued in Brussels, Yerevan, Baku, Tbilisi, Chisinau and Kiev on 13 May 2015.
    - On the occasion of the Fourth Eastern Partnership Summit to be held on 21-22 May 2015 in Riga, Latvia;
    - Addresses the following message to the Heads of State and Government, in accordance with Article 18 of the Rules of Procedure of the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly.

    1. We, Members of the Bureau of the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly (Euronest PA), representing our Delegations from the European Parliament and from the Armenian, the Azerbaijani, the Georgian, the Moldovan and the Ukrainian Parliaments, and thus, representing the peoples, recall the shared principles of democracy, fundamental freedoms, rule of law and respect for human rights, which are the cornerstones of our relations. We also recall our common history and the richness of the European heritage that we all share and which is at the origins of our vision of an indivisible Europe and of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). 2014 marked the 5th anniversary of the Eastern Partnership, but also saw tremendous crisis in the region, and we believe that this is the right moment to assess the Eastern Partnership's successes as well as to point out our concerns.
    2. The Eastern Partnership Summit held in November 2013 in Vilnius was marked by a number of achievements, new agreements and progress towards closer relations between the EU and some of the Eastern partner countries. However, concrete developments and progress with the implementation of some of the Eastern Partnership goals are subject to new major challenges and changes both for the Eastern Partners and the EU. More than ever, there is a need to reinforce stability and security in the region, to restore trust and to refine the strategy of the EU in order to help resolving conflicts and paving the way to closer and mutually beneficial relations among the EU, the Eastern Partner countries and their neighbours. In this endeavour, the EU should work more closely with other international organisations. We believe that the 4th EaP Summit in Riga is an exceptional opportunity to clarify the priority of the Eastern Partnership for our countries and to send a clear political signal of engagement from your side.
    3. 2014 was an important year for the Eastern Partnership as it brought about constructive developments within the region: we welcome the signature, ratification and provisional entry into force of the Association Agreements/DCFTAs with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. We are aware of the special arrangements pertaining to the EU/Ukraine DCFTA but nonetheless look forward to its provisional entry into force, no later than 1st January 2016. We urge the EU, Ukraine and the Russian Federation to constructively pursue trilateral discussions until January 2016 in order to elaborate common solutions to the issues raised by the latter and to help Ukraine enjoy mutually benefiting trade relations with both the EU and the Russian Federation. We encourage all remaining EU Member States to swiftly proceed with the ratification of the Association Agreements, so as to allow their full-scale entry into force.
    4. We further welcome the entry into force of a visa free regime between the EU and Moldova, the successfully-held early presidential elections in Ukraine in May 2014, as well as parliamentary elections in Ukraine and Moldova in October and November 2014 respectively, local elections in Georgia in June 2014, the creation of a Support Group for Ukraine by the European Commission and the deployment of an Advisory Mission on civilian security sector reform.
    5. Ukraine saw tremendous changes, triggered by massive civil protests throughout the country in the aftermath of the Vilnius summit which were followed by a dramatic chain of events along the year 2014. The country however swiftly signed and ratified the Association Agreement with the EU and embarked on the overdue reform agenda. Moldova continued to work steadily on the implementation of the Association Agenda, including in the field of justice reforms. Georgia made progress in political and judicial reforms, and in the implementation of its Visa Liberalisation Action Plan. Armenia continued democratic reforms but decided to no longer pursue an Association Agreement including a DCFTA with the EU. In Riga, nonetheless, we expect for the EU and Armenia to reiterate their commitment to further develop comprehensive cooperation in all areas of mutual interest on a re-assessed basis compatible with Armenia's new international obligations. The EU-Azerbaijan cooperation focused essentially on supporting energy policy reforms, in particular in terms of promoting energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources, and in implementing the multi-family housing reform. Following the positive declarations of Belarus at the Vilnius Summit, we welcome the decision of the EU to launch negotiations with a view to concluding visa facilitation and readmission agreements with Belarus, while we remain attentive to the deteriorated situation of the rule of law in the country. We reiterate the importance we attach to international standards being fully respected in view of the upcoming parliamentary and presidential elections to be held later in 2015 in Azerbaijan and Belarus respectively.
    6. We further recall that all Member States of the EU and the Eastern Partners are committed to the principles of independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and inviolability of borders of every state. Therefore, we condemn the illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia, reiterate our commitment not to recognise it and call for the full implementation of the Minsk Agreements on the Eastern Ukrainian conflict. We call on the Ukrainian government to engage in constitutional reforms, as foreseen by the Agreements, with a special attention to decentralisation and to the respect of equal political and fundamental rights of all communities in the country. We recall that the Eastern Partnership has no confrontational aspect in its nature.
    7. Hereby we stress the importance for the Eastern Partners to continuing the reforms, in particular in the field of governance, the judiciary and public administration, in accordance with Ukraine's, Georgia's and Moldova's Association Agendas and with the common understanding which exists between the EU and the other Eastern Partner countries on the matter, in order to make our Partnership mutually beneficial and closer to our societies. In this regard we acknowledge the importance of every step taken by associated and non- associated Eastern Partners and of active participation of civil society organisations and representatives of the free media in confidence building and awareness rising campaigns on the post-Vilnius results and the benefits of the Eastern Partnership, especially in remote regions. We call on the parliaments of the Eastern Partner countries to contribute to the discussion and raise public awareness of the ongoing processes and main achievements in the framework of the Eastern Partnership, so as to also enhancing its visibility. We further recall that one of the main priorities of this policy is to address citizens' concerns and to deliver, by way of progressively improving living standards.
    8. We stress the importance of trade between the EU and the Eastern Partner countries as well as among the Eastern Partner countries themselves and with their own neighbours, as a vector for growth, job creation and economic and political stability. We therefore call on the EU and the Governments of the Eastern Partner countries to pursue the deepening of their trade relations and to efficiently cooperate in supporting enterprises and creating a secure and predictable business environment which would also attract foreign investment. We also encourage all stakeholders in their efforts to ensure that industrial, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards also take into account those of other regional models for economic integration, including the Community of Independent States (CIS) and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), to the extent possible and subject to a similar effort by the neighbours of the neighbours. We deplore that the Russian Federation has exerted political pressure on EU Member States and Eastern Partner countries by imposing embargo on agricultural and food products and hope that a mutually satisfying solution to end food bans and the suspension of trade preferences with CIS will swiftly be found, in order to reopen free and fair trade among all the Eastern Partners, the EU and the EAEU.
    9. We deplore that the Russian Federation has created uncertainties on energy supply and gas transit trade; we welcome the fact that, despite a difficult context, the Eastern Partnership has brought significant results in strengthening mutual energy security, developing exchange of experience, in particular in the renewable energy field and in contributing to make the EU Member States and the Eastern Partner countries more independent and resilient to external pressure; we call on the EU Member States and the Eastern Partner countries to further develop their energy cooperation and new links of solidarity on the basis of the EU Energy Union and the Energy Community Treaty. With regard to the aforementioned, we stress the importance of achieving progress in the energy field, in particular in the development of renewables and energy efficiency, in order to move towards low-emissions systems, to mitigate the risks posed by climate change and to promote secure, sustainable and affordable energy.
    10. We recall our commitment to the objectives and values of the Eastern Partnership, while underlining the relevance of a differentiated approach by the EU. We recognise differences in the Eastern Partner countries' political and economic structures, foreign policy priorities and ambitions. Given the new reality we face - protracted conflicts in five of the Eastern Partner states, entry into force of the Eurasian Economic Union in January 2015 - , differentiation of cooperation formats, regional dialogue and flexibility, while maintaining inclusiveness, should be the new key guiding principles of the Eastern Partnership after the Summit in Riga. "More for more" and "less for less" should continue to guide EU financing. The budget should be revised according to the decisions taken in Riga, in the context of the forthcoming midterm review of the EU Multiannual Financial Framework.
    11. We recall that increased mobility is one of the main purposes of the Eastern Partnership. We underline the importance of establishing visa-free regimes for short-term travel of Eastern Partner countries' citizens to the EU and the positive impact that such regimes will have for bringing our citizens closer, and spreading the sense and experience of the European values. In this regard, we expect from the Eastern Partnership Summit in Riga positive signals in preparation of the decision to grant, as soon as all the requirements will be met, visa-free regime for Georgian and Ukrainian citizens travelling to the EU. We call upon you to ensure that the Eastern Partnership contributes to bringing peace and harmonious relations between the peoples of Europe, who are confronted with new challenges and threats in security terms.
    12. While the EU sanctions towards Russia are to be reviewed later this year, we call upon you to reach and maintain a united position of the future relations with the Russian Federation: our ultimate goal remains to build up harmonious and mutually beneficial relations. To achieve this, we recognize the usefulness of multilateral debates and talks, keeping into account the preoccupations and the legitimate interests of all players concerned. We hope that the decision of the European Council of linking the continuation of the sectorial sanctions towards Russia with the respect of the ceasefire agreement reached in Minsk on 12 February 2015 will prove useful to its full implementation.
    13. We recall the importance to develop cooperation programmes and exchanges directed to the youth, students, scientists and researchers within the Eastern Partnership and are pleased to see the progress made within the EU programmes "Erasmus for All", "Marie Skłodowska-Curie" or "Horizon 2020" Research Framework Programme. We thus repeat the proposal formulated by the Euronest PA calling for the creation of a cultural visa for artists and other professionals in the cultural field who are nationals from Eastern European partner countries, along the lines of the existing Scientific Visa package, which has been in force since 2005, in order to further facilitate mobility in the cultural sector beyond the ongoing visa facilitation talks.
    14. We recall that the main goal of the Eastern Partnership is to bring the Eastern Partner countries closer to the European Union through political association, economic integration, increased mobility and people-to-people contacts, in a framework of solidarity, common values, crossborder cooperation and security. In this regard we call upon the EU to ensure appropriate conditions, especially in the international arena, in order to facilitate the participation of the Eastern Partners in the initiatives for improving our continent's security, which is a matter of common responsibility. We also call for intensifying efforts to find a peaceful solution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and other protracted conflicts in the region.
    15. We emphasise that the EU bears the responsibility of clearly defining the prospects that it wants to offer in response to the ambitions of the Eastern Partner countries: the perspectives of further approximation to the EU, or of full integration into the EU, should be defined in function of tangible results of democratic reforms, the quality of the rule of law and of political transition and the ability to contribute to regional security.
    16. The Euronest PA stands ready to contribute to the achievements of the Eastern Partnership, to do more on confidence-building initiatives at inter-parliamentary level and to work together with the EU and Eastern Partner countries' Institutions for the realization of the common objectives.

Third Eastern Partnership Summit: 28-29 November 2013

Photo of a speaker
© European Union (2013) - European Parliament
Vilnius (Lithuania)

"The Summit participants reaffirm the importance they attach to the Eastern Partnership founded on mutual interests and commitments as well as on shared ownership, responsibility, differentiation and mutual accountability. The Partnership is based on commitments to the principles of international law and to fundamental values, including democracy, the rule of law and the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as to market economy, sustainable development and good governance. All countries participating in the Eastern Partnership are committed to these values and principles of international law through the relevant international instruments and any EU Member State is also committed to them through the Treaty of the European Union.

"While recognising and welcoming the progress that has been made, they also recall that much remains to be done to tackle the persisting challenges posed to democracy, the respect for fundamental freedoms and the rule of law. In this regard, Summit participants underline that progress on respect for those common values will be essential notably through strengthening the efficiency and independence of the judiciary; effectively tackling corruption; and implementing public administration reform.[...]"

-From the Joint Declaration of the Vilnius Eastern Partnership Summit
  • 2 November 2013, Kiev
    - On the occasion of the Third Eastern Partnership Summit to be held on 28-29 November 2013 in Vilnius, Lithuania,
    - Addresses the following message to the Heads of State and Government, in accordance with Article 18 of the Rules of Procedure of the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly.

    1. We, Members of the Bureau of the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly (Euronest PA), representing our Delegations from the European Parliament and from the Armenian, the Azerbaijani, the Georgian, the Moldovan and the Ukrainian Parliaments, and, thus, representing the peoples, recall the common history and richness of European heritage we all share and which is at the origins of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). The Eastern Partnership, which is expression of the Eastern dimension of the ENP, has at its heart consolidation of democracy, political association and economic integration among our countries.
    2. The EU and the Eastern European Partner countries have faced, especially in these last years, significant challenges mainly due to the world economic and financial crisis, regional conflicts and territorial integrity issues. At the same time, most Eastern European Partner countries are still struggling to build-up and to assure sustainable and deep democracies through difficult reform processes.
    3. By re-affirming our commitment and our trust in the future of the European project, we look at the chances which stem from the Treaty on the European Union, and in particular from Art. 8 and Art. 49 and call for the continuation of an open, homogeneous and genuine commitment of all the EU-28 Members to the Eastern Partnership policy. This should include ambitious actions for the achievement of the Eastern Partnership goals and further development of the programmes related to people-to-people contacts and youth exchanges.
    4. We believe in this policy, which can bring benefits in terms of stability, prosperity and cooperation between the EU and its Eastern Partners, as well as between the latter and their neighbours, in particular Russia and Turkey.
    5. Still, we reaffirm that the "more for more" principle implies an increasing need for differentiation of the EU's response, with an incentive-based approach based on the ambitions and performance of every Partner in building democracy and undertaking the agreed reforms, and we call upon the Governments of the Eastern Partners to deliver on essential political reforms. In this regard we welcome with appreciation the progress of the visa liberalisation process in the Eastern European Partner countries.
    6. We look forward to seeing the Association Agreements/Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas signed and provisionally implemented with Ukraine after meeting all the conditions and initialled with Georgia and Moldova, while inviting the other Eastern Partners to specify their European integration expectation in Vilnius, be it an advanced political association or another comprehensive form of partnership.
    7. We recall that the main goal of the Eastern Partnership is to bring the Eastern European countries closer to the European Union through political association, economic integration and increased mobility. The next stage of the process should be the perspective of membership of these countries in the EU.
    8. Keeping the respect of human rights, the rule of law and the building up of democratic institutions at the core of the process, the choice belongs to Partners' sovereign nations and people, and they should make it without geo-political constraints.
    9. 9. For these objectives, we call upon you to improve synergies between the financial instruments, to better align aid to policy, and to provide a better tailor-made and flexible assistance. We emphasize the need to ensure adequate funding of the Eastern Partnership under the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020, taking into account the "more for more" principle.
    10. We encourage you to give the priority to the activities towards the Eastern Partners which provide benefits in the short term and have a direct impact on the daily life of citizens, especially the young generations.
    11. We, therefore, expect proposals for rendering the Eastern Partnership simpler, focused on people to people contacts and on key sectors of economic development and mobility.
    12. The DCFTAs, as part of the future Association Agreements, present an excellent vehicle for progress towards the economic integration of the EU with the Eastern European Partners. We recognise the remarkable progress made by them in reforming their economies and we call on all the parties concerned to continue working closely in order to facilitate the future implementation of the DCFTAs.
    13. We need to encourage the Eastern European Partner countries to exploit the potential for regional cooperation through the development of trade, economic integration, infrastructure and youth, scientific, cultural and tourism exchanges.
    14. Between the Eastern Partners and the EU, mobility in these sectors has to be supported as it contributes to the objective of building a community of values. It is also necessary to support and strengthen the dialogue on energy security between the EU and the Eastern European Partners, with the aim to establish durable and coherent energy strategies and, as opportune, integrated markets.
    15. For our part, we consider of utmost importance an inclusive, good quality dialogue among the political forces in the Eastern European Partner countries, to counter polarization and tensions in political life.
    16. Therefore, we want to engage more and more, in our Parliamentary Assembly, in the facilitation of this dialogue and in the understanding of modern mechanisms for citizens' political aggregation, checks and balances and separation between powers.
    17. Belarus is also part of the Eastern Partnership and we invite you to make every effort to ensure adequate representation of Belarus at the Vilnius Summit and to achieve as soon as possible normalisation of EU-Belarus relations, recalling that the further engagement of Belarus in the Eastern Partnership should remain based on the Belarusian government's adherence to common democratic values.
    18. We look forward to the accession of the Parliament of Belarus to the Euronest PA once the necessary political conditions are met and emphasize the need for further development of the dialogue with Belarus.
    19. At the same time, we want the EU, by making full use of all opportunities provided for by the Lisbon Treaty, to play a more ambitious role in addressing current security threats, particularly by increasing efforts in the relevant mediation processes for the peaceful settlement of conflicts.
    20. We believe in the importance of strengthening and rendering more dynamic the relations between the EU and the Eastern Partners at bilateral and multi-lateral level, and call therefore for a strong and clear vision of the future development of the Eastern Partnership and for a concrete roadmap towards the next Summit, keeping into account the impact of this policy on the relations of the Eastern Partners with their neighbours.
    21. The Euronest PA stands ready to contributing to the implementation of that roadmap.

Second Eastern Partnership Summit: 29-30 September 2011

Photo of Herman Van Rompuy and Donald Tusk at the press point
© European Union, 2011
Warsaw (Poland)

"The Warsaw Summit recognises that reinforced reform efforts serve a common interest, and need therefore to be applied in a spirit of shared ownership and mutual accountability. The Eastern Partnership is based on a community of values and principles of liberty, democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law.[...] The participants of the Warsaw Summit acknowledge the European aspirations and the European choice of some partners and their commitment to build deep and sustainable democracy. They highlighted the particular role for the Eastern Partnership to support those who seek an ever closer relationship with the EU.

"Much has been achieved already. Political and economic reforms have been implemented in partner countries and relations between the EU and its Eastern European partners have deepened significantly. There is more trade and economic interaction between the EU and its Eastern European partners than ever before. In order to consolidate this trend, the EU and most of its partners are engaged in negotiations on Association Agreements which will also lead to Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas as soon as the conditions are met.[...]"

-From the Joint Declaration of the Warsaw Eastern Partnership Summit

First Eastern Partnership Summit: 7 May 2009

Group photo from first Eastern Partnership summit
© European Union (2009) - European Parliament
Prague (Czech Republic)

"The Eastern Partnership is launched as a common endeavour of the Member States of the European Union and their Eastern European Partners [...] founded on mutual interests and commitments as well as on shared ownership and responsibility. It will be developed jointly, in a fully transparent manner.

"The participants of the Prague Summit agree that the Eastern Partnership will be based on commitments to the principles of international law and to fundamental values, including democracy, the rule of law and the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as to, market economy, sustainable development and good governance.

"The Eastern Partnership builds on and is complementary to existing bilateral contractual relations. It will be developed without prejudice to individual partner countries' aspirations for their future relationship with the European Union. It will be governed by the principles of differentiation and conditionality."

-From the Joint Declaration of the Prague Eastern Partnership Summit