Marina KALJURAND Marina KALJURAND
Marina KALJURAND

Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament

Member

Estonia - Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond (Estonia)

Home Marina KALJURAND

Chair

DSCA
Delegation to the EU-Armenia Parliamentary Partnership Committee, the EU-Azerbaijan Parliamentary Cooperation Committee and the EU-Georgia Parliamentary Association Committee

Member

CPDE
Conference of Delegation Chairs
LIBE
Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
DEPA
Delegation to the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly

Substitute

ITRE
Committee on Industry, Research and Energy
FEMM
Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality
INGE
Special Committee on Foreign Interference in all Democratic Processes in the European Union, including Disinformation
D-US
Delegation for relations with the United States

Most recent activities

An EU ban on the use of wild animals in circuses

11-10-2021 O-000064/2021 Commission
Oral questions

State of EU cyber defence capabilities (debate) ET

05-10-2021 P9_CRE-PROV(2021)10-05(2-276-0000)
Contributions to plenary debates

Artificial intelligence in criminal law and its use by the police and judicial authorities in criminal matters (A9-0232/2021 - Petar Vitanov)

05-10-2021
Written explanations of vote

. ‒ Artificial intelligence helps us in many aspects of our lives and its future applications will surely continue to do so. But as much as we might try, we will never be able to replace justice with technology. Not only have the machine-learning solutions used in judicial systems and law enforcement proved inaccurate and led to wrongful arrests, but they also include applications that constitute de facto mass surveillance. It is therefore of utmost importance, that we maintain human oversight over artificial intelligence used in decisions made by the police and judicial authorities. We are at a point in time where we urgently need to secure fundamental rights in this field, which is why I voted in favour of this report. The threat of harm done to individuals is not theoretic, but already very real and concrete.
Processing facial images to identify a person is covered under European data protection law. The same goes for processing data of other human features, such as gait, fingerprints, DNA, and voice. The GDPR and the Law Enforcement Directive set limits on circumstances when biometric data can be processed. But more importantly, using facial recognition in a way that leads to mass surveillance in public spaces is a violation of data subject’s rights – the right to privacy and the right to data protection. In a democratic society, there should be no room for a blanket use of real-time facial recognition.
We also need greater transparency of all algorithms, especially those used by law enforcement and judicial authorities. The AI applications for prevention of criminal offences and sentencing are using data from the real world, and therefore can end up reproducing the existing racial and other biases. Effective human oversight comes only through meaningful transparency.
Legislators around the world are looking at regulating the use of artificial intelligence by law enforcement. Last month, Michelle Bachelet, the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, called for a moratorium on the use of artificial intelligence technology that poses a serious risk to human rights, including facial recognition systems that track people in public spaces. Europe has a chance to lead the way here, and we should use it to secure fundamental rights of our citizens and prevent any encoded discrimination in our judicial systems. If we get this right in our upcoming regulations, it will set the direction we want artificial intelligence to take, in Europe and globally.

Marina KALJURAND
Marina KALJURAND

On EP NEWSHUB

RT @EIF4eu: Tomorrow from 16:30 CET, our Forum will gather 🌐#InternetGovernance experts to discuss the upcoming @igf_2021, during a virtual debate hosted by MEP @MarinaKaljurand. Speakers line-up & more info 👉🏻 https://t.co/DKGxTl9TnQ  #EIFdebates #IGF2021 https://t.co/iiUXlnMIWd 

RT @unitartu: Today we celebrate the 102nd #anniversary of the national university of #Estonia! 🎉🎉 #unitartu #celebration https://t.co/2VPl1giuzs 

Day 2 of #FutureTechForum @DCMS 🇬🇧 Starting the day with rutine #Covid_19 testing. Staying safe! #newnormal #staynegative #CovidTesting https://t.co/ls7XMYULPy 

Contact

Bruxelles

Parlement européen
Bât. ALTIERO SPINELLI
13G301
60, rue Wiertz / Wiertzstraat 60
B-1047 Bruxelles/Brussel
Strasbourg

Parlement européen
Bât. LOUISE WEISS
T07061
1, avenue du Président Robert Schuman
CS 91024
F-67070 Strasbourg Cedex