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Grupo de los Verdes/Alianza Libre Europea


Chequia - PIRÁTI (Chequia)

Fecha de nacimiento : , Most

Explicaciones de voto por escrito Markéta GREGOROVÁ

Todo diputado puede presentar una explicación por escrito sobre su voto en el Pleno. Artículo 194 del Reglamento interno

Marco de los aspectos éticos de la inteligencia artificial, la robótica y las tecnologías conexas (A9-0186/2020 - Ibán García Del Blanco) EN


. ‒ The European Pirates advocate new technology and see a great potential in the application of artificial intelligence, robotics and related technology from which society as a whole should benefit. We therefore support the report in defining important safeguards for the development of these technologies and a future regulatory framework, including risk assessment, security features, transparency and liability. However, it is also our job to define ethical limits for the use of new technologies. We cannot support the acceptance of remote biometric surveillance technologies used by public authorities in public spaces in this report. No safeguards can make indiscriminate mass surveillance and the chilling effect that comes with it acceptable. The report fails to clearly reject these policies and therefore we cannot support it.

Régimen de responsabilidad civil en materia de inteligencia artificial (A9-0178/2020 - Axel Voss) EN


. ‒ The European Pirates support a future-oriented civil liability legal framework that provides confidence in the safety, reliability and consistency of AI products and services. The report provides positive points on attempting to clarify the definition of AI, calling for the inclusion of both material and immaterial harm in the scope of future legislation and introducing a high-level compensation system for victims of a high-risk AI system, without having to prove the fault (strict liability).
However, the future framework has to strike a balance between efficiently and fairly protecting potential victims of harm or damage and, at the same time provide enough levy for all types of development of new technologies. Legal certainty has to be provided also for innovation in free and open source technologies that are not commercialised, but that are often used as a basis for transformed products and services commercialised at a later stage.
Therefore, we insist on enabling all affected persons to bring forward liability claims throughout the commercial chain of producers. Thus, we oppose any vague definition of backend operators that doesn’t exclude non-commercial backend operators, and compensation provisions without limitation to the commercial chain.

Derechos de propiedad intelectual para el desarrollo de las tecnologías relativas a la inteligencia artificial (A9-0176/2020 - Stéphane Séjourné) EN


In order to unlock the potential of AI technologies, it is necessary to remove unnecessary legal barriers on IPR so as not to hamper innovation in the Union. Therefore, the European Pirates support the call for an impact assessment with regard to the protection of IPRs in the context of the development of AI technologies.
However, the objective should not be to add new layers of IP rights and should not call for additional protection, so that AI ‘made in Europe’ can really happen, as called for by the Commission. Furthermore, IPR protection should not be granted for AI to the detriment of open innovation and knowledge sharing. Therefore, we can’t support the report that over-emphasises the role of patent protection as the primary way to incentivise AI inventions and to promote their dissemination, as well as the key role of standard essential patents. Aggressive patent litigation by patent trolls is increasing and constitutes a threat especially for European SMEs. Finally, calling for mandatory IPR protection for creations generated by AI is not just out of the scope of the report but also disrespects the current rules of IPR.

Celebración del Acuerdo euromediterráneo de aviación UE/Israel (A9-0085/2020 - Andor Deli) EN


. ‒ The aviation agreement between the EU and Israel is, if seen only on its own merits, a positive step towards fair competition, better respect of labour and social standards, and protection of passenger rights. This agreement would create a regulatory framework for aviation relations between all EU Member States and Israel. We Pirates are in principle supportive of such and similar legal frameworks, because they create cooperation, allow certainty, accountability and show respect for the rule of law.
The aviation agreement does not exist in a political vacuum, however. The recently stated explicit policy aim of Prime Minister Netanyahu and his coalition partner to unilaterally annex the West Bank is a blatant violation of international law. It would break its commitments to the Palestinian people under prior peace agreements and destroy any hope of a conflict-ending deal and a two-state solution. Such a grave crime would spark violence and destabilise the entire region. Under these dangerous and disrespectful circumstances we cannot possibly give our support to any legal framework with Israel at this time. Until a time when the Israeli Government demonstrates respect for the rule of law, this agreement must remain frozen.

Prioridades de la Unión para el 64.° período de sesiones de la Comisión de la Condición Jurídica y Social de la Mujer de las Naciones Unidas (B9-0093/2020, B9-0095/2020) EN


. – We Pirates endorsed the Resolution on the Status of Women. We strive for gender equality and support many of the proposals in the resolution, such as the call to urgently conclude the ratification of the Istanbul Convention, to do more to close the gender pay and pension gap, to eliminate any gender biases in taxation systems or to include a gender perspective in the fight against climate change.
However, we voted against point v on quotas. In our opinion, quotas do not constitute the right approach and may discriminate better qualified men and women. We believe skills and knowledge are the key aspects of qualification and they do not belong exclusively to one sex or the other. Every person should have equal access to positions according to their qualification without discrimination because of their gender, age, origin, religion etc.
Instead of quotas, we stress the need to introduce other measures to enhance qualification-based representation in decision-making. To increase the participation of women therein and in the labour market in general, we advocate for gender pay transparency, investments in accessibility and affordability of childcare, suitable working environments and flexible working arrangements as some of the key preconditions.

Comercio ilegal de animales de compañía en la Unión (B9-0088/2020) EN


. – Animal welfare is a crucial issue for us and we do see the positive idea behind this resolution. We do welcome fair treatment of companion animals and we do not, under any circumstances, support any unfair or illegal trade of those animals.
However, there should be a balance between the aim of protecting animals and the right of individuals to respect for privacy. It is not necessary and proportionate to register the personal data of everyone who ever played a part in the life of an animal in a centralised register, as envisaged by this resolution. Likewise, Pirates are opposed to mandatory identification of users of online platforms, including where advertising pets for sale online. It is not justified to discriminate against users of digital marketplaces in comparison to real-life trading.
Taking into consideration the relevant language in this resolution, we decided to abstain.

Situación en Venezuela tras la elección ilegal de la nueva Junta Directiva de la Asamblea Nacional («golpe de Estado parlamentario») (B9-0051/2020, B9-0052/2020, B9-0053/2020, RC-B9-0048/2020, B9-0048/2020, B9-0049/2020, B9-0050/2020) EN


The Pirate delegation is deeply concerned by the ongoing and worsening humanitarian crisis in Venezuela. The recent rise in violence by Maduro forces against elected members of the opposition is unacceptable and goes against our fundamental principles. We have thus voted for the joint resolution, as we believe that targeted sanctions against the officials responsible and the EU’s stance to support a peaceful and democratic resolution of the crisis have the best chances of alleviating the suffering of the Venezuelan people.
However we did not support amendments recognising the legitimacy of Juan Guaidó and his political representatives, as we consider the situation in the country unclear in this regard. At this time it is not prudent to judge which opposition has more legitimacy than another and thus potentially cause even greater divisions within the country. One aspect is very clear: Nicolás Maduro and his allied organised crime groups are the cause of violence and chaos and must be brought to justice.

Operación militar turca en el nordeste de Siria y sus consecuencias (RC-B9-0123/2019, B9-0123/2019, B9-0125/2019, B9-0126/2019, B9-0127/2019, B9-0128/2019, B9-0129/2019, B9-0133/2019) EN


It is our common position that Turkey cannot remain a credible candidate for joining the European Union as long as the Turkish Government maintains its unilateral intervention in northeast Syria, which constitutes a grave violation of international law.
We, however, strongly condemn the parts of this amendment that state that Turkey is not a European country. A great number of Turkish citizens have shown their enthusiasm for joining the EU on the basis of peace, rule of law and fundamental freedoms. We therefore abstain on this amendement.

Injerencia extranjera y desinformación en los procesos electorales democráticos nacionales y europeos (B9-0108/2019, B9-0111/2019) EN


The Pirate Delegation considers foreign electoral interference a critical problem that is becoming increasingly dangerous to our democratic institutions as the basis for peace and prosperity. Free and fair elections are a cornerstone of the European Union. Particularly, media pluralism, civic education, critical thinking, protection of privacy and freedom of speech are key to defending ourselves against foreign interference.
However, our core principles of freedom of speech and the freedom of the internet are being challenged by paragraph 28 of the resolution, which calls on the Commission to ‘close down accounts of persons engaging in illegal activities aimed at the disruption of democratic processes or at instigating hate speech’. Closing down accounts could lead to the distortion of elections through excessive censorship. Free access to information is an essential prerequisite in countering disinformation and foreign electoral interference. Illegal content should be removed and, where applicable, those responsible prosecuted. Closing down accounts, however, would introduce a new type of sanction that could exclude citizens from communication channels needed for work, education and/or personal life. Restricting access to accounts would hamper the right to anonymous and free speech. We cannot support a policing of social media as it would create a dangerous precedent to any following legislative proposals.