Marking, registers and information sharing
The current directive requires firearms to be marked and registered so that each firearm can be linked to its owner. Law enforcement and Europol noted the risk of sales of parts. Going forward the essential components of a firearm also need to be marked and registered. To avoid risk of confusion, the main identifier will be the mark affixed to the frame or receiver. The new marking requirements will not apply to existing firearms. Firearms of historical importance may not need markings depending on national law.
To improve information sharing, dealers and brokers will need to inform national authorities of transfers through electronic means and member states will share information on firearms held in their country.
All information needed to trace and identify firearms will have to be recorded in “computerised data-filing systems.” These records should be kept for 30 years after the destruction of the firearms and essential components.
A module of the Internal Market Information System (IMI), specifically customised for firearms, may be used to exchange information between member states.